Energy

Energy is a central component of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), explicitly reflected in SDG 7: Affordable and Clean Energy. However, the theme of energy cuts across multiple SDGs, demonstrating the interconnectivity of these global goals.

SDG 7's objective is to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all. Energy, in its various forms, is a vital driver of economic growth and is pivotal to nearly all aspects of development. Without a steady and reliable supply of energy, societies can hardly progress. However, millions of people around the world still lack access to modern and clean energy services. The emphasis on "affordable and clean" energy within this goal shows the need to transition from traditional energy sources, often characterized by high environmental costs, to more sustainable ones like wind, solar, and hydropower.

Energy's role is also significant in achieving other SDGs. For example, SDG 9: Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure, emphasizes the need for sustainable and resilient infrastructure with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean technologies. It is almost impossible to achieve this without a sustainable energy framework. Similarly, SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities, calls for making cities inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable, and one of its targets (11.6) directly refers to the environmental impact of cities, for which energy is a key factor.

Furthermore, energy is a crucial player in SDG 13: Climate Action. The energy sector represents the largest single source of global greenhouse gas emissions. Transitioning to a sustainable energy future, therefore, is critical for tackling climate change. Efforts to reduce emissions and promote clean energy sources are crucial to mitigate climate change and its impacts.

Elsevier,

Sustainable Chemistry for Climate Action, Volume 2, January 2023

A rapid switch from non-renewable carbon-based sources of energy to clean and low-carbon sources of energy is required to accomplish ambitious carbon neutrality goals. The prospects of hydrogen in achieving net-zero emissions by 2050 are promising, but the article describes the challenges and uncertainties that need to be addressed.
Geopolitical applications of negative emissions and solar geoengineering technologies.
This article supports SDGs 11, 6, and 13 by analyzing the impact of Denver Water's annual energy use and water use alongside local precipitation over a 20-year period from 1995 to 2014 and highlighting the implications for altered energy footprints as water utilities respond to new precipitation patterns in a changing climate.
Biomass is a sustainable and review source. However, its conversion to chemicals is always challenging. This article produces high-value bioadhesive materials as a byproduct of chemicals from biomass. Using advanced technology such as electrochemical oxidation, clean energy and fuels can be produced from biomass, addressing SDG 7&13.
The research seeks to estimate biogas production potential from livestock and slaughterhouse wastes in Ghana, in order to promote biogas technology as a possible alternative in the search for sustainable energy management methods and in support of the SDG goals.
This paper shows that although climate policies can sometimes slow the pace of economic growth, in the long term the benefits of avoided climate change impacts will overweight policy costs
This article supports SDG 13 because it highlights the role of mineral exploration in clean energy transition.
Elsevier,

Emma Suali, Latifah Suali, Chapter 8 - Impact assessment of global biofuel regulations and policies on biodiversity, Editor(s): Khalid Rehman Hakeem, Suhaib A. Bandh, Fayaz A. Malla, Mohammad Aneesul Mehmood, Environmental Sustainability of Biofuels, Elsevier, 2023, Pages 137-161, ISBN 9780323911597

This content aligns with Goal 7, Clean and Affordable Energy, and Goal 15, Life on Land, by assessing the impact of biofuel feedstocks on the environment, ecosystem, and biodiversity of the regions where energy crops will be grown and harvested.
Elsevier,

Plastics and Sustainability: Practical Approaches, 2023, Pages 91-120

This chapter aligns with Goal 7: Affordable and clean energy and Goal 8: Decent work and economic growth by discussing the chemical recycling and energy recovery of waste plastics.
Elsevier,

Sarah Perkins-Kirkpatrick, Donna Green, Chapter 2 - Extreme heat and climate change, Editor(s): Yuming Guo, Shanshan Li, Heat Exposure and Human Health in the Context of Climate Change, Elsevier, 2023, Pages 5-36, ISBN 9780128190807, https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-819080-7.00006-9.

This chapter advances the UN SDG goals 11 and 13 by providing an introduction to climate change and how it drives extreme heat

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