Energy is a central component of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), explicitly reflected in SDG 7: Affordable and Clean Energy. However, the theme of energy cuts across multiple SDGs, demonstrating the interconnectivity of these global goals.

SDG 7's objective is to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all. Energy, in its various forms, is a vital driver of economic growth and is pivotal to nearly all aspects of development. Without a steady and reliable supply of energy, societies can hardly progress. However, millions of people around the world still lack access to modern and clean energy services. The emphasis on "affordable and clean" energy within this goal shows the need to transition from traditional energy sources, often characterized by high environmental costs, to more sustainable ones like wind, solar, and hydropower.

Energy's role is also significant in achieving other SDGs. For example, SDG 9: Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure, emphasizes the need for sustainable and resilient infrastructure with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean technologies. It is almost impossible to achieve this without a sustainable energy framework. Similarly, SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities, calls for making cities inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable, and one of its targets (11.6) directly refers to the environmental impact of cities, for which energy is a key factor.

Furthermore, energy is a crucial player in SDG 13: Climate Action. The energy sector represents the largest single source of global greenhouse gas emissions. Transitioning to a sustainable energy future, therefore, is critical for tackling climate change. Efforts to reduce emissions and promote clean energy sources are crucial to mitigate climate change and its impacts.


Mohammadreza Daneshvar, Behnam Mohammadi-Ivatloo, Kazem Zare, Chapter 9 - A case study in the hybrid energy network with 100 percent renewable energy resources and future directions, Editor(s): Mohammadreza Daneshvar, Behnam Mohammadi-Ivatloo, Kazem Zare, Emerging Transactive Energy Technology for Future Modern Energy Networks, Academic Press, 2023, Pages 135-149, ISBN 9780323911337,

This chapter advances UN SDG goals 7 and 11 by supporting clean and sustainable energy and power systems
A review of climate futures. This review helps substantiate how disciplinary and geographical assumptions and norms shape policy choices.
This Article supports SDG 3 and 7 by estimating the prevalence of solid-fuel use with high spatial resolution to explore subnational inequalities, assess local progress, and assess the effects on health in LMICs without universal access to clean fuels.
This chapter advances Goals 7, 16, and 10 by exploring the tensions between democracy and procedural justice across two diverse case studies from Canada (wind energy) and the United States (oil and gas). The authors identify a common scalar mismatch between the interests and power of those exercising democracy at provincial/state levels and those living locally and impacted by development—straining to have their voices heard.
This chapter advances the UN SDG goals 7, 10, and 16 by suggesting that energy does not only need to be democratized but ultimately, needs to be decolonized from the processes that place fossil fuels in the service of settler capitalism, rather than Diné sovereignty. Such a move might enable movements toward energy justice.
Improving environmental quality through reducing emissions is the central pillar of climate change mitigation and achieving sustainable development goals.

Energy Policy, Volume 168, September 2022

Carbon prices are too low. Switching prices and/or caps are needed. Prices and caps need to deliver targets to stay under to 1.5 °C. Border adjustments are probably needed.

Blockchain-Based Systems for the Modern Energy Grid, 2022, Pages 115-134

This chapter supports SDG goals 7 and 9 by proposing new ways of using blockchain to support renewable energy market.

Wind Turbine Icing Physics and Anti-/De-icing Technology, Wind Energy Engineering, 2022, Pages 135-168

This chapter contributes to SDG goals 7, 11, and 13, by explaining advanced techniques for wind turbine icing mitigation, supporting improved performance and durability of wind turbines, a crucial renewable energy source for sustainable development and climate objectives.
The objective of this paper is to critically analyse the innovative passive nZEB building concept ‘2226’ regarding its climate impact via the initial prototype building ‘be 2226’.