Energy is a central component of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), explicitly reflected in SDG 7: Affordable and Clean Energy. However, the theme of energy cuts across multiple SDGs, demonstrating the interconnectivity of these global goals.

SDG 7's objective is to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all. Energy, in its various forms, is a vital driver of economic growth and is pivotal to nearly all aspects of development. Without a steady and reliable supply of energy, societies can hardly progress. However, millions of people around the world still lack access to modern and clean energy services. The emphasis on "affordable and clean" energy within this goal shows the need to transition from traditional energy sources, often characterized by high environmental costs, to more sustainable ones like wind, solar, and hydropower.

Energy's role is also significant in achieving other SDGs. For example, SDG 9: Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure, emphasizes the need for sustainable and resilient infrastructure with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean technologies. It is almost impossible to achieve this without a sustainable energy framework. Similarly, SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities, calls for making cities inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable, and one of its targets (11.6) directly refers to the environmental impact of cities, for which energy is a key factor.

Furthermore, energy is a crucial player in SDG 13: Climate Action. The energy sector represents the largest single source of global greenhouse gas emissions. Transitioning to a sustainable energy future, therefore, is critical for tackling climate change. Efforts to reduce emissions and promote clean energy sources are crucial to mitigate climate change and its impacts.


Wind Energy Engineering: A Handbook for Onshore and Offshore Wind Turbines, Volume , 1 January 2023

This chapter supports UN SDGs 7 and 13 by studying the impact of climate change on offshore wind operation, which is a key renewable energy source that will continue to grow as part of the energy transition and climate action.
This chapter advances UN SDG goal 7 as it enables improved energy forecasting, which is a critical technology for distributed generation and renewable energy integration.

Power System Protection in Future Smart Grids: Achieving Reliable Operation with Renewable Energy, Electric Vehicles, and Distributed Generation, Volume , 1 January 2023

This chapter advances UN SDG goals 7 and 9 as it enables resilience and protection for renewable energy-integrated grids and infrastructure.

Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring Techniques in Wind Energy, Volume , 1 January 2023

This chapter supports UN SDGs 7 and 13 by reviewing condition monitoring technologies and current research challenges and opportunities, enabling improved performance and durability of wind turbines, and supporting energy transition of which wind power is a key component.
In this paper the authors investigate the effects of climate changed and hydroclimatic extremes on hydropower production in India
A technology that has shown promising potential in supporting food and energy security, as well as supporting water security, is agrivoltaic (AV) systems.
An investigation into a new integrated model for pricing and financing a sustainable supply chain that can reduce manufacturing costs and thus encourage better participation by producers in green projects.
In this paper the authors discuss the geothermal potential of sedimentary basins, and their role in achieving the decarbonisation of the energy sector
This article supports SDGs 7,9 and 11 by proposing that the real-time online analysis, data integration, and prediction of future status, monitoring, decision-making, and self-healing of the power grid can be achieved, providing high security, reducing the risk of power grid accidents, and serving multiple fields of producers, consumers, and the entire country.

Sustainable Chemistry for Climate Action, Volume 2, January 2023

The article is related to SDG 13 and investigates the use of carbon neutral sources, such as biowaste, in the conversion to biooil. Catalytic liquefaction of various organic waste (mandarin peel, coffee grounds and cocoa shell) to synthesize an oil which can be used as a sustainable fuel is described.