Food security and nutrition and sustainable agriculture

Food security, nutrition, and sustainable agriculture constitute fundamental elements that contribute significantly to the attainment of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). These goals are a globally shared blueprint that calls for peace and prosperity for all people and the planet. Focusing on food security and nutrition is directly linked to SDG 2 which seeks to "End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture." Beyond SDG 2, these themes also relate to other SDGs such as Goal 3 - Good Health and Well-being, Goal 12 - Responsible Consumption and Production, and Goal 13 - Climate Action. The relationship between sustainable agriculture and these goals is profound; by promoting eco-friendly farming methods, we reduce the environmental footprint, mitigate climate change, and ensure the long-term sustainability of food production systems.

Moreover, sustainable agriculture is vital in fostering biodiversity, improving soil health, and enhancing water use efficiency, which are critical aspects related to Goals 14 and 15 - Life below Water and Life on Land respectively. By safeguarding our ecosystems, we not only ensure food security but also the preservation of the natural environment for future generations. In turn, better nutrition is a conduit to improved health (SDG 3), and it can also influence educational outcomes (SDG 4), given the known links between nutrition and cognitive development.

Furthermore, it is worth noting that the interconnections go beyond these goals. There's an important nexus between sustainable agriculture, food security and issues of poverty (SDG 1), gender equality (SDG 5), clean water and sanitation (SDG 6), and economic growth (SDG 8), among others. Sustainable agriculture creates job opportunities, thus reducing poverty levels. By empowering women in agriculture, we can help achieve gender equality. Proper water and sanitation practices in agriculture can prevent contamination, ensuring clean water and sanitation for all. Therefore, the triad of food security, nutrition, and sustainable agriculture, while being a significant goal in itself, is also a vehicle that drives the achievement of the wider Sustainable Development Goals.

Elsevier,

The Lancet Global Health, Volume 8, January 2020

An Article in support of SDGs 2 and 12, analysing the affordability of the EAT–Lancet benchmark diets using food price and household income data for 744 foods in 159 countries, collected under the International Comparison Program.
This chapter advances goals 2, 3 and 5 by examining indigenous traditional food-growing techniques and their role in sustainable farming. It advocates for more study and support for these techniques and innovations which are mostly driven by local women.
Elsevier,

Agricultural Internet of Things and Decision Support for Precision Smart Farming, 2020, Pages 1-33

This chapter explores how using technology and precision farming can improve yields while protecting the earth's resources, advancing SDGs 2 and 12.
This book chapter addresses goals 7, 9, and 13 by reviewing the prospects and constraints for bioenergy development in Africa to ensure sustainable bioenergy production in the future.
Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Food Science, Volume 30, December 2019

Enteric viruses are an important food safety concern and have been associated with many foodborne disease outbreaks. Norovirus and Hepatitis A virus have been implicated in majority of outbreaks; however, other foodborne viruses such as Hepatitis E virus, Sapovirus and Rotavirus can also present a risk to humans. Viral foodborne disease outbreaks have typically been associated with foods served raw including shellfish, fruits and vegetables. The contamination of food by viruses can occur anywhere in the supply chain.

This case study uses survey and satellite data to help better protect those working in agriculture in Kenya and Tanzania against drought and climate change, helping to advance SDG 2 and 13.
An Article in support of SDGs 2 and 3, analysing the burden of child and maternal malnutrition across all states in India, highlighting the progress so far and efforts needed to achieve the national 2022 and global 2030 targets.
Elsevier,

International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, 2e, 2020, pages 177-179

This chapter advances SDGs 2, 3 and 11 by providing an overview of global food insecurity and the proposed avenues to address it.
Elsevier,

International Encyclopedia of Human Geography (Second Edition), 2020, Pages 177-179

This chapter advances SDGs 2 and 10 by explaining many solutions such as the Green and Gene Revolutions and how they are addressing food insecurity.
Elsevier, Journal of Functional Foods, Volume 62, November 2019
Aquaculture and animal rearing for meat has increased exceedingly to meet the demands of ever-increasing population. Utilizing small fishes and agricultural products for feed production will lead to over exploitation of the resources and competition with food respectively. Microalgae can be next alternate source for animal and aquatic feed production in an environmentally sustainable and economically advantageous manner.

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