Sustainable cities and human settlements

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 11 aims to "Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable." This goal acknowledges the growing importance of urban areas, as it's projected that by 2050, nearly 70% of the world's population will live in cities. Consequently, cities bear significant implications for sustainability, economic growth, and societal wellbeing.

Inclusivity is a key feature of sustainable cities. This refers to equitable access to opportunities, public services, and amenities, regardless of a person's background or circumstances. It implies the availability of affordable and adequate housing, thus addressing issues of homelessness and substandard living conditions.

Safety in cities means ensuring urban environments that protect their inhabitants from both physical harm and psychological distress. This involves addressing crime rates, traffic accidents, and potential hazards from poor infrastructure, while also considering the impacts of noise, pollution, and overcrowdedness on mental health.

Resilience is another important aspect, particularly in the face of climate change. Resilient cities can withstand and quickly recover from shocks such as natural disasters or economic crises. This involves aspects such as resilient infrastructure, disaster risk reduction strategies, and adaptive capacities at the community level.

Sustainability, finally, requires cities to function in a way that doesn't compromise future generations' ability to meet their own needs. This includes sustainable urban planning to reduce environmental impact, promote energy efficiency, and conserve resources. It also considers the importance of green spaces for biodiversity and the wellbeing of urban residents.

SDG 11 is interconnected with many other SDGs. For example, sustainable urban transport systems contribute to SDG 13 (Climate Action) by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Meanwhile, ensuring access to green and public spaces supports SDG 3 (Good Health and Well-being).

Achieving sustainable cities and human settlements requires cooperation and participation from various stakeholders, including government authorities, urban planners, businesses, and citizens. Through their collective efforts, cities can be transformed into hubs of sustainability, resilience, and inclusivity, contributing significantly towards the realization of the SDGs.

This paper provides 57 site velocity measurements, with interpretation, for the Hatay Triple Junction in the region of the 6 February 2023 M 7.8 Pazarcik earthquake sequence in Southeastern Turkey. Given the significance of this earthquake sequence, and the potential uses for future earthquake predictions, this paper would apply to SDG 15 -Life on land.
This chapter advances the UN SDG goals 11 and 10 by developing a practical philosophy that elaborates elements from the Indigenous knowledge system for hybrid epistemologies from which actions can be developed for disaster risk reduction.
Elsevier,

Multi-Hazard Vulnerability and Resilience Building: Cross Cutting Issues, 2023, Pages 347-361

This chapter advances the UN SDG goals 11 and 10 by contextualizing how the integration of indigenous practice and scientific knowledge of DRR can support development organizations and policymakers in planning effective and practical activities to mitigate and manage disaster risk in indigenous communities. This conceptual article argues that indigenous knowledge can assist in becoming more aware of disaster risks, implementing a successful local disaster management plan, and conducting scientific research and training.
How cities dealt with food in the past, ultimately lessons for the present and future.
Elsevier,

Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, Volume 129, 2023, 103358

The content concerns models for optimal utilization of groundwater resources
It discussed the fountain scheduling strategies for improving water-use efficiency
This article supports SDG # 3, 11 and 13 showing how even in wealthy countries, climate change is causing an acceleration of extremely costly disasters, and the authors provide a framework for disaster risk reduction that is applicable to climate change.
This chapter advances the UN SDG goals 8, 9, and 11 by exploring how AI can be utilized by city officials to improve quality of life in sustainable cities.
This Article supports SDG7 and 13 by proposing a new model to identify the most critical features of energy storage system technologies to enhance renewable energy integration and achieve New York State's climate goals from 2025 to 2040.
Elsevier,

Best Practice and Research: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Volume 86, February 2023

The article investigates the role of environmental pollutants, especially endocrine disrupting chemical, and their negative effect on fertility.

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