Sustainable cities and human settlements

The COVID-19 pandemic has stalled and rolled back progress on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Ecosystem services (ESs), defined as the contributions of ecosystems to human well-being, underpin the achievement of SDGs. To promote SDG achievement in post-pandemic era, we teased out the links between ESs and SDGs while examining the impact of COVID-19. We found that ESs benefited all SDGs, yet man-made pressures led to degradation of ecosystems and their services. There is broad consensus that the virus lurks in degraded ecosystems and generates spillover due to human interference.
While managing the effects of urban growth represents a significant challenge, it also provides an opportunity to rethink how we plan and design our urban spaces to support sustainability, both in terms of new urban development projects and in retrofitting existing urban spaces.
Building and Environment will host a series of free webinars on COVID-19 Control. The second webinar of the series will feature 2 presentations from experts in the field on the following topics: COVID-19 and indoor and outdoor sports, presented by Bert Blocken, Professor of Civil Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands & KU Leuven, Belgium. Efficient reduction of airborne transmission by advanced ventilation, presented by Arsen K. Melikov, Professor of Ventilation and Air Distribution, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
The novelty of this study is the capacity to assess a large volume of diverse literature in this topic; identifying temporal and geographic patterns in the literature, who conducted the research, where is the research located, what were the major research topics and themes, where are the gaps, and what are the priorities for future research. Finally, the findings of this study can provide a summary of the status quo of the global greenery research, identify the hot themes in the literature and knowledge gaps, and recommend future research directions, as well as to highlight the existing worldwide relationships between researchers and countries.

Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 5, Issue 3, March 2021, Pages e121–e134.

This article addresses SDG 3 and SDG 11 by estimating the proportion of annual preventable deaths due to air pollution in European cities. A large proportion of premature deaths were caused by air pollution, and the mortality burden varied considerably between cities, indicating where urgent action is most needed to reduce air pollution below WHO guidelines.

Current Research in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, Volume 26, December 2020, 100385

Valorisation is the process of converting food waste materials into useful products including chemicals, materials, and fuels. This article contributes to SDGs 9, 11 and 12 by discussing the valorisation of food waste and the positive economic impacts to be gained.
This paper assesses the influence of land development patterns on intra-urban thermal variation in a densely-developed subtropical city, considering joint effect from greenspace pattern and built-up geometry. Despite growing research on urban climates, research at a scale that can support urban planning with scientificallyinformed strategies is still not as well documented for warm climate cities as for temperate cities. In response, this paper uses land surface temperature and geoinformation to assess the subtropical city of Taipei, Taiwan.
This book chapter advances SDGs 6, 12 and 11 by analyzing research studies on water remediation within the framework of 12 principles of green chemistry, bibliometric features, and characteristics of related research papers.
This book chapter advances SDGs 15 and 11 by exploring a holistic approach to urban soil restoration which seeks to improve urban soils using integrated socioecological and landscape-scale approaches that embrace diverse outcomes including novel ecosystems and many sociocultural goals.
This book chapter advances SDGs 15 and 11 by reviewing the anthropogenic activities worldwide that have caused ecological degradation resulting in the need to mitigate damage to essential ecosystem services in rural and urban areas.