Climate Change

Climate change, a global phenomenon characterized by alterations in weather patterns, rising global temperatures, and an increase in extreme weather events, poses a significant challenge to sustainable development and directly impacts the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The SDGs, a collection of 17 interlinked global goals designed as a "blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all" by 2030, are intrinsically connected to climate action.

Central to this relationship is SDG 13: Climate Action, which calls for urgent measures to combat climate change and its impacts. This goal acknowledges that without immediate and sustained action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the achievement of other SDGs is at risk. Climate change exacerbates existing challenges such as poverty (SDG 1), hunger (SDG 2), and health issues (SDG 3) by disrupting livelihoods, food security, and health conditions. For instance, increased temperatures and changing precipitation patterns affect crop yields, leading to food insecurity. Similarly, the spread of diseases is influenced by climatic conditions, directly impacting public health.

Furthermore, climate change has a disproportionate impact on vulnerable populations, including those living in poverty, exacerbating inequalities (SDG 10). It affects access to clean water (SDG 6) and sanitation, with changing weather patterns disrupting water supply. The degradation of natural habitats and ecosystems under climate stress threatens life below water (SDG 14) and life on land (SDG 15), leading to biodiversity loss and affecting the livelihoods of those dependent on these ecosystems.

The economic impacts of climate change are also profound, affecting sustainable industrialization (SDG 9) and undermining economic growth (SDG 8). Severe weather events cause extensive damage to infrastructure and lead to economic losses, while changes in climatic conditions can impact industries such as agriculture, fishing, and tourism.

Moreover, climate change poses challenges to achieving sustainable cities and communities (SDG 11) as urban areas face increased risks of flooding, heatwaves, and air pollution. This necessitates the development of resilient infrastructure and adaptive urban planning. Additionally, the energy sector, integral to most economic activities, must transition towards clean and renewable sources (SDG 7) to mitigate climate change, highlighting the interdependence of the SDGs.

Global partnerships (SDG 17) are crucial in addressing climate change, as it is a global issue requiring international cooperation and funding. Developed countries are urged to support developing nations in climate mitigation and adaptation efforts, recognizing the shared responsibility and differing capacities among nations.

This Health Policy paper supports SDG 3, 15, and 16 by highlighting how climate change and other human-induced environmental changes, such as loss of biodiversity and air pollution, disproportionately affect the health of minoritised people globally.

COP29: The Pivotal UN Climate Event Addressing Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

This study analysis four wetland technologies for treating greywater according to regulatory standards.
This Review supports SDGs 3 and 13 by summarising the available literature on the impacts of climate change on airborne allergens and allergic respiratory diseases, with a focus on recent developments. The authors also focus on three translational mitigation approaches that may lead to improved health outcomes: automated real-time airborne allergen monitoring, airborne allergen forecasting and modelling, and smartphone apps for mitigating the health impacts of airborne allergens.
This chapter aligns with SDG Goal 5: Gender equality and Goal 13: Climate action by discussing how effective implementation of a green economy can empower women to adapt to climate change.
This chapter advances UN SDG goals 11, 13, and 9 by examining how cities can transform in the face of climate change and socio-ecological crises to become more sustainable and resilient.
Elsevier,

One Health Meets the Exposome

Human, Wildlife, and Ecosystem Health

2023, Pages 150-189

Habitat conversion and resource utilization have been identified in the One Health approach as drivers of poor ecosystem health that can lead to disease spillover events supporting SDG3.
This study analyses spatial distribution of water reservoirs in the Sota catchment with regards to livestock density, population density, rainfall distribution and geological structure of the Sota catchment, and assessed the state of these reservoirs.
This study lookds at how climate change will have a significant impact on the availability of water resources in the upper Blue Nile basin of the Kiltie watershed
Elsevier,

Current Research in Ecological and Social Psychology, Volume 5, January 2023

This study aims to increase the understanding of why some people may report a high degree of worry about climate change, while others (living in the same country) do not.

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