Climate Change

Climate change, a global phenomenon characterized by alterations in weather patterns, rising global temperatures, and an increase in extreme weather events, poses a significant challenge to sustainable development and directly impacts the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The SDGs, a collection of 17 interlinked global goals designed as a "blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all" by 2030, are intrinsically connected to climate action.

Central to this relationship is SDG 13: Climate Action, which calls for urgent measures to combat climate change and its impacts. This goal acknowledges that without immediate and sustained action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the achievement of other SDGs is at risk. Climate change exacerbates existing challenges such as poverty (SDG 1), hunger (SDG 2), and health issues (SDG 3) by disrupting livelihoods, food security, and health conditions. For instance, increased temperatures and changing precipitation patterns affect crop yields, leading to food insecurity. Similarly, the spread of diseases is influenced by climatic conditions, directly impacting public health.

Furthermore, climate change has a disproportionate impact on vulnerable populations, including those living in poverty, exacerbating inequalities (SDG 10). It affects access to clean water (SDG 6) and sanitation, with changing weather patterns disrupting water supply. The degradation of natural habitats and ecosystems under climate stress threatens life below water (SDG 14) and life on land (SDG 15), leading to biodiversity loss and affecting the livelihoods of those dependent on these ecosystems.

The economic impacts of climate change are also profound, affecting sustainable industrialization (SDG 9) and undermining economic growth (SDG 8). Severe weather events cause extensive damage to infrastructure and lead to economic losses, while changes in climatic conditions can impact industries such as agriculture, fishing, and tourism.

Moreover, climate change poses challenges to achieving sustainable cities and communities (SDG 11) as urban areas face increased risks of flooding, heatwaves, and air pollution. This necessitates the development of resilient infrastructure and adaptive urban planning. Additionally, the energy sector, integral to most economic activities, must transition towards clean and renewable sources (SDG 7) to mitigate climate change, highlighting the interdependence of the SDGs.

Global partnerships (SDG 17) are crucial in addressing climate change, as it is a global issue requiring international cooperation and funding. Developed countries are urged to support developing nations in climate mitigation and adaptation efforts, recognizing the shared responsibility and differing capacities among nations.

Elsevier,

Current Research in Ecological and Social Psychology, Volume 5, January 2023

This study aims to increase the understanding of why some people may report a high degree of worry about climate change, while others (living in the same country) do not.
The paper discusses the complexity of the interactions and effects of climate change on food security.
Elsevier,

Sarah Perkins-Kirkpatrick, Donna Green, Chapter 2 - Extreme heat and climate change, Editor(s): Yuming Guo, Shanshan Li, Heat Exposure and Human Health in the Context of Climate Change, Elsevier, 2023, Pages 5-36, ISBN 9780128190807, https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-819080-7.00006-9.

This chapter advances the UN SDG goals 11 and 13 by providing an introduction to climate change and how it drives extreme heat
Elsevier,

Visualization Techniques for Climate Change with Machine Learnng and Artificial Intelligence, Sukanya S, Sabu Joseph, 2023, Pages 55-76

This chapter contributes to SDG 6 by describing the potential impacts of climate change on water resources.
Elsevier,

Sylvester Chibueze Izah, Adams Ovie Iyiola, Baturh Yarkwan, Glory Richard, Chapter 7 - Impact of air quality as a component of climate change on biodiversity-based ecosystem services, Editor(s): Arun Srivastav, Ashutosh Dubey, Abhishek Kumar, Sushil Kumar Narang, Moonis Ali Khan, Visualization Techniques for Climate Change with Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence, Elsevier, 2023, Pages 123-148, ISBN 9780323997140

This content aligns with Goal 15: Life on Land and Goal 3: Good health and well-being by examining the impacts of air pollution on human health and the environment, and exploring strategies to move toward cleaner ambient air.
This article reports the significant climate mitigation and adaptation efforts via marine conservation activities.
This chapter advances UN SGD goals 11 and 13 by introducing the concepts of climate change adaptation and mitigation and depicting the scale of challenges that need to be addressed.
Factory
The UK Climate Change Agreements (CCA) aim to save energy and carbon emissions by way of energy efficiency targets in industrial sectors, while simultaneously reducing energy costs for participating organisations with large discounts on Climate Change Levies (CCL). This article is related to SDG 7, Affordable and Clean Energy; SDG 13, Climate Action; and SDG 9, Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure; as it demonstrates the ways in which governments can not only improve energy efficiency but also benefit industrial sectors.
An exploration of how pollution affects biological diversity, supports SDG 15.
An article focused on (i) understanding how climate change is decreasing ocean biodiversity and (ii) identifying the planetary health impacts accelerated by ocean biodiversity erosion.

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