Climate Change

Climate change, a global phenomenon characterized by alterations in weather patterns, rising global temperatures, and an increase in extreme weather events, poses a significant challenge to sustainable development and directly impacts the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The SDGs, a collection of 17 interlinked global goals designed as a "blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all" by 2030, are intrinsically connected to climate action.

Central to this relationship is SDG 13: Climate Action, which calls for urgent measures to combat climate change and its impacts. This goal acknowledges that without immediate and sustained action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the achievement of other SDGs is at risk. Climate change exacerbates existing challenges such as poverty (SDG 1), hunger (SDG 2), and health issues (SDG 3) by disrupting livelihoods, food security, and health conditions. For instance, increased temperatures and changing precipitation patterns affect crop yields, leading to food insecurity. Similarly, the spread of diseases is influenced by climatic conditions, directly impacting public health.

Furthermore, climate change has a disproportionate impact on vulnerable populations, including those living in poverty, exacerbating inequalities (SDG 10). It affects access to clean water (SDG 6) and sanitation, with changing weather patterns disrupting water supply. The degradation of natural habitats and ecosystems under climate stress threatens life below water (SDG 14) and life on land (SDG 15), leading to biodiversity loss and affecting the livelihoods of those dependent on these ecosystems.

The economic impacts of climate change are also profound, affecting sustainable industrialization (SDG 9) and undermining economic growth (SDG 8). Severe weather events cause extensive damage to infrastructure and lead to economic losses, while changes in climatic conditions can impact industries such as agriculture, fishing, and tourism.

Moreover, climate change poses challenges to achieving sustainable cities and communities (SDG 11) as urban areas face increased risks of flooding, heatwaves, and air pollution. This necessitates the development of resilient infrastructure and adaptive urban planning. Additionally, the energy sector, integral to most economic activities, must transition towards clean and renewable sources (SDG 7) to mitigate climate change, highlighting the interdependence of the SDGs.

Global partnerships (SDG 17) are crucial in addressing climate change, as it is a global issue requiring international cooperation and funding. Developed countries are urged to support developing nations in climate mitigation and adaptation efforts, recognizing the shared responsibility and differing capacities among nations.


Safeguarding Mountain Social-Ecological Systems, A Global Challenge: Facing Emerging Risks, Adapting to Changing Environments and Building Transformative Resilience in Mountain Regions Worldwide, 2024, pp 11-15

This chapter advances the UN SDG goals 13 and 15 by reviewing the unique species assemblages of high-elevation ecosystems and biodiversity trends in the context of climate change.
This chapter advances the UN SDG goals 13 and 15 by reviewing the biodiversity of soil fauna, they key roles these taxa play in ecosystem functioning, and their importance in the context of climate change.

Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Third Edition, 2024, pp 674-689

This chapter advances the UN SDG goals 14 and 15 by discussing conservation efforts for mammals, which particularly focus on habitat protection and direct protection. Mammals are often treated as flagships for the rest of biodiversity conservation.

Unraveling Environmental Disasters, Second Edition, 2024, pp 469-509

This chapter advances the UN SDG goals 13 and 14 by reviewing the impact of habitat degradation on local biodiversity and species invasions, particularly in the context of climate change and shifting habitat ranges.
This paper provides the most recent and accurate quantitative and qualitative assessment of available water resources and demands in the GCC countries.

Daniel A. Vallero, Trevor M. Letcher,
Chapter 7 - Leaks,
Editor(s): Daniel A. Vallero, Trevor M. Letcher,
Unraveling Environmental Disasters (Second Edition),
Pages 171-205

This chapter aligns with SDGs 3 and 6 by distinguishing hydrogeological plumes from atmospheric plumes in this chapter by referring to them as leaks, considering environmental or potential disasters from the perspective of groundwater contamination.

Wetzel's Limnology, Fourth Edition: Lake and River Ecosystems, 2024, pp 859-892

This chapter advances the UN SDG goals 11, 13, and 14 by reviewing the role of lakes and ponds in maintaining critical aquatic biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in the context of growing urbanization and climate change.
"We're no acme or pinnacle of anything, we're just simply evolutionary steps," says this week's "World We Want" podcast guest, Dr. Gabriel Filippelli, of the human hubris surrounding climate change. In a long conversation, Márcia Balisciano and Dr. Filippeli, author of Climate Change and Life, touch upon the history of the world, both in terms of climate change and in the patterns of evolution and extinction, as well as what the presently changing climate means for human beings. Balancing pragmatism and optimism, this episode serves as a stark look at the reality of climate change and the will—political, environmental, and personal—needed to adapt.

Trends in Ecology and Evolution, Volume 38, August 2023

This work highlights what we know about climate change impacts that have happened and discuss future directions for research. It supports SDG 13 and 14.
This chapter advances UN SDG goals 12 and 13 by providing a historical perspective of the warming effect of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, describes our growing understanding of climate change, the parallel development of Earth-system modeling capabilities, the Paris Agreement and the need to transition to nonfossil energy and the decarbonization of the global economy