Diversity and inclusion

Diversity and inclusion are essential tenets of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a set of global objectives designed to address various social, economic, and environmental challenges. These concepts are not only integral to specific SDGs but also permeate the entire framework, emphasizing the need for equitable and inclusive approaches in all aspects of development.

SDG 10 (Reduced Inequalities) and SDG 5 (Gender Equality) are directly connected to the principles of diversity and inclusion. SDG 10 aims to reduce inequality within and among countries. This involves taking measures to ensure the social, economic, and political inclusion of all, regardless of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion, or economic or other status. It calls for the elimination of discriminatory laws, policies, and practices, providing equal opportunities and reducing disparities, particularly for the most vulnerable and marginalized groups.

SDG 5 focuses on achieving gender equality and empowering all women and girls. This goal underscores the need for ending all forms of discrimination against women and girls everywhere, and it involves various targets including the elimination of violence, ensuring women's full participation in leadership and decision-making, and guaranteeing equal rights to economic resources. By promoting gender equality, SDG 5 directly contributes to the broader objective of creating inclusive societies.

Furthermore, diversity and inclusion are crucial in achieving SDG 4 (Quality Education), which aims to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all. This involves addressing disparities in access to education and ensuring that vulnerable populations, including persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples, and children in vulnerable situations, receive equal opportunities for education. Inclusive education is a foundation for building more inclusive societies, as it prepares all individuals to participate fully in their communities and economies.

SDG 8 (Decent Work and Economic Growth) also embodies the values of diversity and inclusion. It promotes sustained, inclusive, and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment, and decent work for all. This includes advocating for equal pay for work of equal value, promoting safe and inclusive working environments, and reducing the gender pay gap. By ensuring that all individuals have access to decent work opportunities and are treated fairly in the workplace, SDG 8 plays a pivotal role in advancing inclusive economic growth.

The pursuit of diversity and inclusion is indispensable for realizing the vision of the SDGs. These principles are not confined to specific goals but are woven throughout the entire framework, reflecting the understanding that a fair, sustainable, and prosperous world can only be achieved when all individuals, regardless of their background or circumstances, have the opportunity to contribute to and benefit from development. The SDGs recognize that addressing inequalities, empowering marginalized groups, and ensuring inclusive participation are essential for sustainable development, and they call on all stakeholders, including governments, businesses, civil society, and individuals, to work towards these objectives.

Research activism to urgently improve Indigenous perinatal health and wellbeing.
This study supports SDG 3 and 10 by highlighting an overrepresentation of Black children and adolescents in involuntary psychiatric hospitalisations, which may establish potentially lifelong negative mental health treatment trajectories and contribute to cycles of health inequality that persist in later life.
Graph showing number of significant and non-significant average effects reported across 36 meta-analyses of the effects of physical activity interventions on different health outcomes among children, adolescents, and adults with disabilities.

Approximately 1·5 billion people worldwide live with a physical, mental, sensory, or intellectual disability, about 80% of which are in low-income and middle-income countries. This Series paper provides a global overview of the prevalence, benefits, and promotion policies for physical activity for people living with disabilities (PLWD). PLWD are 16–62% less likely to meet physical activity guidelines and are at higher risk of serious health problems related to inactivity than people without disabilities.


Vascular Disease in Women, An Overview of the Literature and Treatment Recommendations, 2021, Pages 307-338

This chapter addresses SDG 3 and SDG 10 by discussing how to mitigate racial disparities in vascular care.

Stroke (Seventh Edition): Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Management, 2022, Pages 179-186.e3

This chapter advances the UN SDG Goal 3: Good Health and Goal 10: Reduced Inequalities by examining the evidence that lower socioeconomic status is associated with both higher incidence of stroke and worse outcomes following stroke.

Zika Virus Biology, Transmission, and Pathology Volume 1: The Neuroscience of Zika 2021, Pages 43-54

This book chapter advances SDG3 Good Health and Wellbeing and SDG 10 Reducing Inequalities by focusing on the social inequalities in the occurrence of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection and congenital Zika syndrome (CZS).

Libraries, Digital Information, and COVID Practical Applications and Approaches to Challenge and Change Chandos Digital Information Review 2021, Pages 111-118

This book chapter advances SDG3 Good Health and Wellbeing and SDG10 Reducing Inequalities by focusing on the emerging themes in higher education during the pandemic including disabled student needs.
This book chapter advances SDG3 Good Health and Wellbeing and SDG10 Reducing Inequalities by focusing on the he use of wearable devices for disabled and extreme sports.
An epidemic of any infectious disease with significant social and health impacts is a major challenge for a large city. Smallpox is an exemplar pathogen that has the capacity to cause catastrophic impacts on cities
This content aligns with Goal 3: Good Health as well as Goal 10: Reduced Inequalities by examining Central Nervous System pathogens that can cause AIDS.