Diversity and inclusion

Adolescents with a minority sexual orientation (e.g., lesbian, gay, and bisexual) are more likely to use substances than their heterosexual peers. This study aimed to increase understanding of the development of drug use in this vulnerable population by: 1) comparing longitudinal patterns of past-year illicit drug use (e.g., marijuana, cocaine, and ecstasy) and misuse of prescription drugs among minority sexual orientation youth relative to heterosexual youth and, 2) examining how sexual orientation sub-group, gender, and age relate to variation in the risk of drug use.
Elsevier, Trends in Ecology and Evolution, Volume 24, August 2009
Same-sex sexual behavior has been extensively documented in non-human animals. Here we review the contexts in which it has been studied, focusing on case studies that have tested both adaptive and non-adaptive explanations for the persistence of same-sex sexual behavior. Researchers have begun to make headway unraveling possible evolutionary origins of these behaviors and reasons for their maintenance in populations, and we advocate expanding these approaches to examine their role as agents of evolutionary change.
This content aligns with Goal 3: Good Health as well as Goal 10: Reduced Inequalities by highlighting studies showing how HIV-1 uses exon definition to control the level of splicing at each of its 3′-splice sites.
Elsevier,

Social Science Research, Volume 38, Issue 2, June 2009, Pages 338-351.

This article explores the role of religion and cultural context in shaping attitudes about homosexuality across the globe, developing SDG 10 (reduced inequalities).
Treatment of gender-identity disorders is guided by standards set forth by the World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH). Although not absolute, WPATH's eligibility criteria for hormone therapy and/or genital-reconstructive surgery include participation in psychotherapy. In addition, applicants for genital-reconstructive surgery are required to live at least one year full-time in the preferred gender role, a period referred to as the real-life experience (RLE).
To maximize potential, people must have lifelong access to the information and services offered through books and libraries. Whether to address concerns of an ageing population or to enable all citizens to contribute fully through meaningful education and work opportunities, more emphasis is being given to promoting library services to people who have disabilities. This chapter addresses SDG 4 as librarians, policy makers and constituents will gain an understanding of the importance of serving all potential patrons.
Elsevier,

Eating Behaviors, Volume 6, Issue 3, June 2005, Pages 179-187.

This research discovers gay men tend to be more dissatisfied with their bodies and may be at greater risk for symptoms of eating disorders compared to heterosexual men. This research directly contributes to SDG 3 (good health and well-being) and SDG 10 (reduced inequalities).
Background: Methamphetamine-dependent gay and bisexual men (GBM) are at high risk for HIV transmission, largely due to drug-associated sexual risk behaviors. This project evaluated the efficacy of four behavioral drug abuse treatments for reducing methamphetamine use and sexual risk behaviors among this population.
Elsevier,

Patient Education and Counseling, Volume 51, Issue 2, October 2003, Pages 115-122. 

This paper examines common communication barriers and provides strategies for enhancing communication between medical staff and patients in a gender-neutral, non-judgmental manner, contributing to SDGs 3 (good health and well-being) and 10 (reduced inequalities).
This article contributes to SDG 10 (reduced inequalities), SDG 4 (quality education) and SDG 3 (good health and well-being). Research examines the link between victimization at school and health risk behaviours using representative data comparing lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youths and heterosexual youths.

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