Reducing premature mortality from non-communicable diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, is a target under goal 3 (good health and wellbeing). This article investigates the relationship between diet and the common risk factors for heart disease.

The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Volume 2, No. 10, p707–715, October 2017

Infection with H pylori significantly increases an individual's chances of developing gastric cancer. SDG 3.4 aims to prevent non-communicable diseases such as cancer; this study provides policymakers with the evidence to decide optimal first-line H pylori eradication regimens according to local prevalence of primary antibiotic resistance and develop effective strategies to control the rising antibiotic resistance in their countries.
How can innovations in chemistry, energy, and biotechnology jointly be applied in low-resource settings for the benefit of a community? This LabLinks meeting combines the expertise in the applied biosciences of Trends in Biotechnology, Joule’s interest in both scientific and sustainability developments in energy, and Chem’s focus on basic chemical science with relevance to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.

Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 6, 2017, Pages 209-227

Urban transport is associated with a large burden of global disease and premature mortality. These impacts are preventable by changing current urban transport planning and policy. Cities now have access to an increasingly wide range of transport policy measures whose health impacts are unclear. Highlighting the synergies between SDG 3 and SDG 11, this paper provides an overview of 64 different transport policy measures indexed in KonSULT and an indication of their expected health impacts.
Gender differences in child development have been extensively studied in high-income countries, but few data are available from low-income and middle-income countries. In this study of six countries across the Asia-Pacific region, researchers address this research gap, and find that girls aged 3–5 years outperform boys in developmental tests. The development of girls is anticipated to provide greater opportunities for economic development and will be key to achieving SDG 5.
Afghanistan has prioritised the achievement of universal health coverage, drawing attention to underserved groups such as people living with disabilities. This study analyses the progress of improving health care coverage for people with disabilities, between 2005 and 2013, using the indicators availability of health care, as well as perceived coverage of health needs. As part of SDG 3.8, this study helps shape policy for improving the provision of health care for people with disabilities.
West Africa has the highest proportion of married adolescents, and the highest adolescent childbearing rate and maternal death rate in sub-Saharan Africa. Using data from 19 211 women across 13 west African countries, this survey-based study reports that while many adolescents use some antenatal care for their first birth, they seek care later, make fewer visits during pregnancy, and receive less comprehensive care than older first-time mothers.
Maternal mortality remains a major health challenge facing developing countries, with pre-eclampsia accounting for up to 17% of maternal deaths. Diagnosis requires skilled health providers and devices that are appropriate for low-resource settings. This study presents the first cost-effectiveness analysis of multiple medical devices used to diagnose pre-eclampsia in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).
Climate services for health is an emerging discipline aiming to help health professionals better understand the effect of climate and weather conditions on health, and ultimately, to anticipate disease risk consequent upon climate change. This article shows the connections of goal 3 (good health and wellbeing) and goal 13 (climate action) in its application of climate services for health to dengue fever.

Vaccine, Volume 35, Issue 23, 2017, Pages 3135-3142

Thermostable vaccines can relieve bottlenecks in vaccine supply chains and therefore contribute to SDG 3 target 8 and 3B. The question remains whether benefits would outweigh the additional costs. Computational modeling quantified economic impact of making vaccines thermostable. Thermostable formulations were highly cost-effective or cost-effective in most scenarios explored. Medical costs and productivity savings outweighed significant price premiums.