HIV Rapid Test being administered (Equality Michigan viaWikimedia Commons)
Patients in China can face long delays in completing their testing and initiating treatment when newly diagnosed with HIV. This study aimed to improve linkage to care by assessing the effectiveness of an intervention involving rapid point-of-care testing, trialled in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, south China. The intervention increased the number of patients starting treatment and reduced mortality. However, difficulties in ensuring patients remained in the care cascade were noted and highlights the challenges China faces in meeting the SDG 3 goals.
SDG 3.3 sets a target of combating viral hepatitis. Sub-Saharan Africa carries a substantial portion of the global burden of viral hepatitis. Countries in the region face unique challenges, with the development of elimination strategies often hindered by a lack of good quality data. This paper outlines the current status of hepatitis B in sub-Saharan Africa and provides expert recommendations from across the region, including simplified diagnostic and treatment algorithms for use in low-resource settings.
Elsevier,

Lancet Oncology Commission, November 2017

Lancet Oncology commission report
The report is authored by over 50 leading oncologists, including members of leading US cancer organizations, and sets out 13 key priority areas, each with measurable goals, to focus the $2 billion of funding released to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) as part of the 21st Century Cures Act. The report sets out a detailed road map to deliver on the Blue Ribbon Panel recommendations, including a focus on prevention, a new model for drug discovery and development, a vast expansion of patient access to clinical trials, and an emphasis on targeted interventions to improve cancer care for underserved groups, specifically children, cancer survivors and minority groups.
Lancet Oncology commission report
A fundamental shift in how cancer research is conducted and how cancer care is delivered in the United States is required in order to deliver on the Cancer Moonshot initiative, according to a major new report called The Lancet Oncology Commission: Future Research Priorities in the USA. Authored by over 50 leading oncologists, including members of leading US cancer organizations, the report sets out 13 key priority areas, each with measurable goals, to focus the $2 billion of funding released to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) as part of the 21st Century Cures Act.
Joe Biden - US Cancer Moonshot Initiative and Elsevier Recognised UN
The Cancer Moonshot initiative directly supports SDG 3, Target 3.4 and Indicator 3.4.1. Joe Biden, former VP, and YS Chi, Chairman of Elsevier and Director of Corporate Affairs at RELX Group, received Humanitarian of the Year awards from the United Nations Association of New York (UNA-NY).
New HIV diagnoses among people aged 50 years or older in the EU & EEA
SDG 3 target 3 is concerned with ending the AIDS epidemic. Between 2004 and 2015 there were 54 102 new cases of HIV infection in older adults (aged ≥50 years) reported in the 31 countries of the European Economic Area (EEA). In comparison with younger adults this age group were more likely to present late and to have acquired the infection via heterosexual contact. The notification rate of new infections increased in older adults over the time period studied, which highlights the need for increased education and targeted prevention strategies for this population.
To advance goals 3 and 8, this article explores the causality between mental illness and long-term sickness absence. In a randomized clinical trial, a 4-h training programme for managers reduced sickness absence among employees in the Australian fire and rescue service at 6 months after the intervention. The training was highly cost effective and should be tested in other populations.
Elsevier,

Kidney International Supplements, Volume 7, Issue 2, 2017, Pages 71-87

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasingly recognized as a global public health concern and an important contributor to morbidity and mortality. In support of SDG 3, this review expands on the recently published International Society of Nephrology (ISN) CKD roadmap, which discusses the globally relevant major traditional and nontraditional CKD risk factors, highlights gaps in knowledge, and recommends strategies to close these gaps and enhance CKD prevention.
Elsevier,

The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Volume 2, No. 10, p707–715, October 2017

Infection with H pylori significantly increases an individual's chances of developing gastric cancer. SDG 3.4 aims to prevent non-communicable diseases such as cancer; this study provides policymakers with the evidence to decide optimal first-line H pylori eradication regimens according to local prevalence of primary antibiotic resistance and develop effective strategies to control the rising antibiotic resistance in their countries.
This study evaluated the outcomes of a community-based distribution program that provides migrant, refugee, and cross-border women from Burma with evidence-based information about and access to misoprostol for early pregnancy termination. The documented outcomes from this initiative may be valuable for those working to reduce harm from unsafe abortion in other legally restricted, low-resource, and/or conflict-affected settings and help to advance SDG 3.

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