This paper describes the methodology and data used to determine greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions attributable to ten cities or city-regions: Los Angeles County, Denver City and County, Greater Toronto, New York City, Greater London, Geneva Canton, Greater Prague, Barcelona, Cape Town and Bangkok. Equations for determining emissions are developed for contributions from: electricity; heating and industrial fuels; ground transportation fuels; air and marine fuels; industrial processes; and waste.

Linking to Goal 16 and 17, this report aims to assist companies in implementing responsible business practices in conflict-affected and high-risk areas consistent with the Global Compact Ten Principles.
Elsevier, Trends in Ecology and Evolution, Volume 24, August 2009
Same-sex sexual behavior has been extensively documented in non-human animals. Here we review the contexts in which it has been studied, focusing on case studies that have tested both adaptive and non-adaptive explanations for the persistence of same-sex sexual behavior. Researchers have begun to make headway unraveling possible evolutionary origins of these behaviors and reasons for their maintenance in populations, and we advocate expanding these approaches to examine their role as agents of evolutionary change.
This content aligns with Goal 3: Good Health as well as Goal 10: Reduced Inequalities by highlighting studies showing how HIV-1 uses exon definition to control the level of splicing at each of its 3′-splice sites.

Urban forests are integral components of urban ecosystems, which could generate significant ecosystem services, such as offsetting carbon emission, removing air pollutants, regulating the microclimate, and recreation. These ecosystem services contribute to improving environmental quality, quality of life, and sustainable urban development. Despite a long history of inserting vegetation in human settlements in China, modern scientific study of this natural-cum-cultural resource did not start until the 1990s.


Social Science Research, Volume 38, Issue 2, June 2009, Pages 338-351.

This article explores the role of religion and cultural context in shaping attitudes about homosexuality across the globe, developing SDG 10 (reduced inequalities).
Linking to Goal 16, this publication identifies a range of concrete actions that Governments and international organizations can undertake to better assist private-sector efforts to promote effective conflict-sensitive business practices.
This chapter aligns with the SDG goal 3 of good health and wellbeing by showing the role of the gastrointestinal and liver microcirculation in inflammation and immunity.

Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, & Conflict, Second Edition, 2008, Pages 1914-1920

This article advances SDG 3 and 16 by discussing adult and adolescent sexual assault among female victims and male perpetrators including definitions and research.