Research - Articles

Elsevier,

Desalination, Volume 380, 2016, Pages 93-99

Recent research on CO2 capture is focusing on the optimization of CO2 absorption using amines (mainly monoethanolamine—MEA) in order to minimize the energy consumption of this very energy-intensive process and improve the absorption efficiency. This paper provides an overview of the main implications of using MEA for CO2 capture together with the latest advances in research to improve the conventional absorption process. The use of other solvents and/or technology, as well as their advantages and disadvantages will also be briefly provided. This is relevant for SDGs 9,12 and 13.
Elsevier,

Sustainable Materials and Technologies, Volume 9, 2016, Pages 10-40

The aim of the study was to revise the current literature concerning the application of low-cost adsorbents for wastewater treatment highlighting, systematically, both adsorbents characteristics and adsorption capacities. This is particularly relevant to address SDG 6 - Clean water and sanitation.

United Nations Global Compact, 2016

This article discusses what actions Women’s Empowerment Principles' companies are taking to advance Goal 5.
Elsevier,

Environmental Science & Policy, Volume 55, Part 1, January 2016, Pages 266–273

Sustainable agriculture holds great promise for alleviating a whole host of environmental problems and health risks associated with the modern industrial agricultural system. However, as this paper demonstrates, USDA-funded agroecological research shows tremendous untapped potential. Winning the Elsevier Atlas Award in June 2016, the authors argue that there is an urgent need for increased investments in research and development to make sustainable food production even more beneficial, contributing to SDGs 12, 13 and 15.
Elsevier,

Ecological Indicators, Volume 60, 2016, Pages 565-573, ISSN 1470-160X,

This article provides a critical review of the SDG indicators and therefore contributes to overall knowledge around advancement of the goals. Given the nature of the goals and the partnerships required to achieve them, this article sits under goal 17.
Elsevier,

The Lancet, January 2016

Millennium Development Goal 5 called for a 75% reduction in the maternal mortality ratio between 1990 and 2015. This article estimates the levels and trends in maternal mortality for 183 countries to assess the progress made on this goal, and also constructs projections to show what is needed to meet the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) of less than 70 maternal deaths per 100 000 livebirths globally by 2030. Although the SDG target is ambitious, countries that made a concerted effort to reduce maternal mortality between 2000 and 2010 should provide inspiration and guidance.
Elsevier,

Physics Reports, Volume 664, Pages 1-113, 9 December 2016

Historically, infectious diseases caused considerable damage to human societies, and they continue to do so today. To help reduce their impact, mathematical models of disease transmission have been studied to help understand disease dynamics and inform prevention strategies. Vaccination–one of the most important preventive measures of modern times–is of great interest both theoretically and empirically. Recent research increasingly explores the pivotal implications of individual behaviour and heterogeneous contact patterns in populations. The success of SDG 3 relies to a large extent on vaccination programmes.
Elsevier,

Physics Reports, Volume 653, Pages 1-40, 7 October 2016

Solar energy conversion using semiconductors to fabricate photovoltaic devices relies on efficient light absorption, charge separation of electron–hole pair carriers or excitons, and fast transport and charge extraction to counter recombination processes. Ferroelectric semiconductors offer the possibility to develop new know-how and a plethora of new functionalities of man-made materials for sensing, large scale energy conversion, energy storage, data retention, autonomous energy harvesting at small scales. This will help to address target SDG 7.3 to double the rate of improvement in energy efficiency.
Elsevier,

Environment International, Volume 86, January 2016, Pages 14–23

Winner of the Elsevier Atlas Award in May 2016, this paper examines the scientific evidence of the impact of climate change on human infectious diseases. Contributing to SDGs 3 and 13, the authors identify research progress and gaps on how human society may respond to, adapt to, and prepare for the related changes.
Elsevier,

The Lancet, January 2016

Between 1990 and 2015, 29 of 33 provinces in China achieved a decrease in under-5 mortality rates twice as fast as the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target. In this article, authors declare that the reduction of under-5 mortality in China at the country, provincial, and county level has been “an extraordinary success story”. China should now build on this achievement and look to study and replicate success in other developing countries to meet the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target of lowering under-5 mortality to 25 per 1000 livebirths by 2030 throughout the country.

Pages