Rural development

Rural development plays a critical role in the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly in ending poverty (SDG 1), achieving zero hunger (SDG 2), ensuring clean water and sanitation (SDG 6), and developing sustainable communities (SDG 11).

Rural areas host a significant proportion of the global population and are central to agriculture and food security. Addressing rural development is key to SDG 2, which aims to eliminate hunger and ensure access to safe, nutritious, and sufficient food all year round. This is achieved by promoting sustainable agricultural practices, increasing productivity and incomes for small-scale farmers, and improving land and labor conditions.

Further, rural development is tied to SDG 1, as poverty is predominantly a rural issue, with three-quarters of the world's poor living in rural areas. Strategies to alleviate rural poverty include improving access to basic services, infrastructure, and social protection systems, and supporting resilient agricultural practices that enhance food security and increase household income.

Access to clean water and sanitation (SDG 6) is another area where rural development plays a crucial role. Many rural communities lack access to safe and affordable drinking water and adequate sanitation facilities. Investments in rural water and sanitation infrastructure are not only essential for health and wellbeing but also contribute to poverty reduction by reducing healthcare costs and increasing productivity.

Finally, SDG 11 seeks to make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable. While the focus is often on urban areas, it also includes rural settlements. It's important to promote sustainable rural development, ensuring access to basic services, improving connectivity and mobility, and preserving the cultural and natural heritage.

Moreover, rural development cuts across other SDGs, including SDG 3 (Good Health and Well-being), SDG 4 (Quality Education), SDG 5 (Gender Equality), and SDG 10 (Reduced Inequalities). By addressing the unique challenges faced by rural areas, we can make significant strides towards a more sustainable and equitable world.

To achieve rural development, we need to embrace integrated approaches that consider social, economic, and environmental dimensions. Fostering rural-urban linkages, promoting cooperative efforts, investing in infrastructure, and providing rural areas with access to markets, technology, and education are among the strategies that can contribute to sustainable rural development.

This article highlights the winning proposals of the fifth edition of the Elsevier Foundation Green & Sustainable Chemistry Challenge. The winning proposals were chosen for their innovative green chemistry aspects and their large positive impact on the environment, contributing to SDGs 7, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14 and 15.
The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is the guiding policy for agriculture and the largest single budget item in the European Union (EU). Agriculture is essential to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), but the CAP's contribution to do so is uncertain. We analyzed the distribution of €59.4 billion of 2015 CAP payments and show that current CAP spending exacerbates income inequality within agriculture, while little funding supports climate-friendly and biodiverse farming regions.
This study investigated the drying behaviour of purple-speckled Cocoyam and the effect of drying temperature (40 °C, 60 °C and 75 °C), slice thickness (4 mm, 7 mm and 10 mm) and pre-treatments (blanching in boiling water for 3 min, blanching in boiling water for 3 min followed by dipping in 0.1 per cent sodium metabisulfite for 5 min) and non-pre-treated slices. The process and quality criteria under consideration included the total drying time, rehydration ratio, colour difference, browning index and specific energy consumption.

Global climate change and land degradation are two grand changes facing humanity. In this perspective, we examine how degraded and abandoned farmland can be harnessed to fight climate change. Building upon and extending natural climate solutions, we suggest that the carbon capture and storage of abandoned farmland can be accelerated and maximized through restoring the diversity of plant species, applying biochar to soil, and co-developing renewable energy such as solar power. The benefits of these approaches extend far beyond climate-change mitigation and land restoration.


Journal of Business Venturing, Volume 35, July 2020

In this paper, we revisit the entrepreneurship and poverty relationship under a eudaimonic perspective that brings together conversion factors, and future prosperity expectations. Based on an fsQCA of changes in life circumstances of 166 farm households in rural Kenya, we explore how different combinations of conversion factors enable distinct forms of entrepreneuring in the pursuit of prosperity.


Eco-Cities and Green Transport, 2020, Pages 1-23

This book chapter addresses SDG 11 and 13 by explaining how Copenhagen organizes and develops green transportation for the city and lessons learned for other major cities to consider.
Soil organic carbon (SOC) in croplands is a key property of soil quality for ensuring food security and agricultural sustainability, and also plays a central role in the global carbon (C) budget. When managed sustainably, soils may play a critical role in mitigating climate change by sequestering C and decreasing greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere. However, the magnitude and spatio-temporal patterns of global cropland SOC are far from well constrained due to high land surface heterogeneity, complicated mechanisms, and multiple influencing factors.
Agricultural landscapes cultivated in hilly and mountainous areas, often with terracing practice, could represent for some regions historical heritages and cultural ecosystem services. For this reason, they deserve to be protected. The complex morphology that characterises them, however, makes these areas intrinsically susceptible to hydrogeological instability, such as soil loss due to surface erosion or more severe mass movements. We can identify three major critical factors for such landscapes.
This chapter advances goals 2, 3 and 5 by examining indigenous traditional food-growing techniques and their role in sustainable farming. It advocates for more study and support for these techniques and innovations which are mostly driven by local women.
This chapter advances goals 5 and 11 by examining sustainable traditional ceramic-making techniques used in construction and for other household uses. There is a focus on the importance of women potters' role in the preparation of the naturally-derived materials.