Oceans & Seas

Oceans and seas play a vital role in the context of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as they significantly contribute to the Earth's biosphere's health and the global economy. They are critical to sustaining life on earth, acting as a major source of food and oxygen while also serving as natural carbon sinks that mitigate climate change impacts. SDG 14, "Life Below Water," explicitly acknowledges the importance of conservation and the sustainable use of the world's oceans, seas, and marine resources.

Oceans absorb about 30% of carbon dioxide produced by humans, buffering the impacts of global warming. However, this process has implications such as ocean acidification, negatively impacting marine biodiversity and ecosystems. These impacts, coupled with unsustainable fishing practices and pollution, threaten the health of our oceans and seas. SDG 14 sets targets to prevent and reduce marine pollution of all kinds, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems, and regulate harvesting and end overfishing to restore fish stocks to sustainable levels.

Oceans also support economic wellbeing. Over three billion people depend on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihoods. By protecting oceanic ecosystems, the SDGs also support SDG 1, "No Poverty," and SDG 8, "Decent Work and Economic Growth." Furthermore, the oceanic routes are critical for global trade, supporting SDG 9, "Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure."

Furthermore, by implementing strategies for cleaner and more sustainable use of oceans and seas, it can also contribute to SDG 13, "Climate Action." For instance, developing and implementing new technologies to harness energy from waves and tides can promote renewable energy usage and reduce reliance on fossil fuels, aligning with SDG 7, "Affordable and Clean Energy."

World Ocean Day: Celebrating the Beauty and Importance of Our Oceans

World Ocean Day is an annual celebration of the world's oceans, aimed at raising awareness about the critical role they play in our lives and the need to protect them. Held on the 8th of June, it is a day dedicated to appreciating the beauty and diversity of our oceans, while also promoting conservation and sustainable use of marine resources. In this article, we will explore the history of World Ocean Day, its significance, and how you can get involved in the celebration and preservation of our oceans.

This Article supports SDGs 3 and 13 by assessing sea level data for groups of coral. The presence of a shallow-water reef established up or down-slope is indicative of a rapid change in sea level.
RELX SDG Customer Awards aim to recognise RELX customers who share our commitment to driving action in support of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Read more about the 2022 winners.
Elsevier,

Michael F. Ashby, Chapter 18 - Wave Power, Editor(s): Michael F. Ashby, Materials and Sustainable Development (Second Edition), Butterworth-Heinemann, 2024, Pages 409-424, ISBN 9780323983617, https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-98361-7.00018-X.

This chapter advances the UN SDG goals 7 and 11 by explores a possible sustainable development: building wave-energy capture systems that can make a significant contribution, meaning at least 10% of a nation’s energy needs.
This article uncovers measures and actions to be made to remove gender barriers in marine related research.
Elsevier,

Imperiled: The Encyclopedia of Conservation, 2022, pp 46-54

This chapter advances the UN SDG goals 13 and 14 by reviewing the range of ecosystem services provided by coral reefs, the human activities that threaten these services and proposing promising policy and management interventions to promote the maintenance of key coral reef ecosystem services into the future.
This chapter aligns with Goal 14: Life Below Water and Goal 13: Climate Action by exploring the application of stable isotope tracing and metabolomics to monitor coral responses to thermal and oxidative stress in order to predict the fitness implications of continued sea warming.
Local actions have been considered as an important path for effective climate actions, but the extent to which community-level plastic waste elimination actions can be effective in coastal regions are unclear. This article leverage a nation-wide case study in Australia to show that community-level plastic pollution reduction actions can result in large benefits, regardless whether the plastic pollution was originated from the community or not.
Elsevier,

Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part D: Genomics and Proteomics, Volume 42, June 2022, 100991

The diseased state in dolphins had metabolic consequences with a shift towards protein degradation. This may constrain the way cetaceans could cope with extra stressors (e.g., human disturbances). Provides insight to how we deal with conservation policies and the impact of stressors on population dynamics.
Supporting Goal 14: Life Below Water, Oceanology International North America's world-class exhibition and conference helps organisations reach buyers from key market regions and sectors worldwide and help them improve their strategies for measuring, developing, protecting and operating in the world’s oceans.

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