Oceans & Seas

Effective science-based fisheries management can be applied to a risk-based management framework as an essential step towards the achievement of Goal 14 with respect to the conservation and sustainable use of marine resources for sustainable development.
The study identifies different issues which have resulted in a weak fisheries regulatory framework in Bangladesh and how the legal framework governing the Bangladeshi fisheries sector can be reformed. The study submits that a reformed legal framework could play an instrumental role in achieving Sustainable Development Goal 14 in Bangladesh.
Elsevier,

Science Bulletin, Volume 61, Issue 23, December 2016, Pages 1833-1838

Future climate change is usually projected by coupled earth system models under specific emission scenarios designed by integrated assessment models (IAMs): this offline approach means there is no interaction between the coupled earth system models and the IAMs. This paper introduces a new method to design possible future emission scenarios and corresponding climate change, in which a simple economic and climate damage component is added to the coupled earth system model of Beijing Normal University (BNU-ESMs. Measuring future climate change is critical for reporting on progress on SDG 13 Climate action.
SDG14 Life Below Water aims to lay the foundation for the integrated and sustainable management of the oceans. However, any environmental management has to be based around targets which are SMART – specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time bounded. The discussion here shows that many of the targets adopted for SDG14, and especially a detailed analysis of Target 1, are aspirational rather than fully quantified.
Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 28, October 2017, Pages 90-99

Since the 1950s the amount of plastics in the marine environment has increased dramatically. Worldwide there is a growing concern about the risks and possible adverse effects of (micro)plastics. This paper reflects on the sources and effects of marine litter and the effects of policies and other actions taken worldwide related to SDG 14.
Bangladesh is one of the world's most vulnerable countries to climate change. This study combines environmental and human elements to assess socio-environmental outcomes. It examines the implications of climate change on poor communities dependent on fishing for their livelihoods, exploring the interconnectedness of SDG's 1,2, 14 and how they will be impacted by SDG 13.
This article analyses the interplay between inter-State obligations to increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology in accordance with several targets relating to Goal 14, Life below water.
This article serves to support SDG 14 (life below water) and SDG 12 (responsible consumption and production). Current international strategies and policies to reduce single-use plastics (plastic bags and microbeads) are reviewed.
Marine wildlife tourism (MWT) requires new approaches in its management frameworks. Several physiological and ecological impacts are shared across different MWT types. Successful cases can provide strategies to be applied to other MWT ventures. Scientific knowledge and adaptive management are essential to improve MWT. If well managed, MWT can be essential for species/habitat conservation and the achievement of SDG 14.
To advance goal 14 (life below water), age and growth studies have been carried out on fish so that scientists and fisheries can better understand exploitation rates and assess stock levels.

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