Oceans & Seas

This paper looks at the importance of fiscal reforms and incentives in ensuring ‘no-one is left behind’ in the achievement of the SDGs, with a particular focus on Goal 14, Life below water.
The Scottish fishing industry depends upon a healthy flow of ecosystem services and the factors affecting ecosystem services for fishing are varied and challenging. Part of Scotland's pledge to the UN SDGs can be met by better fisheries management. This paper directly support knowledge on Goal 14, Life below water.

Management of Marine Plastic Debris, 2017, Pages 215–315

This chapter address SDG 14, life below water, through its review of all techniques available for recycling marine plastic debris.
Most empirical research into Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) focus their studies on specific natural or social features and governing structures. This research approach looks into multi-use MPAs in the eelgrass restoration site in Japan. Findings from this research contribute directly to SDG 14 (life below water) and SDG 2 (zero hunger).

Ocean & Coastal Management, Volume 154, March 2018, Pages 72-82.

This article contributes to SDG 13 (climate action), SDG 14 (life under water) and SDG 15 (life on land). Using case studies, this research examines the threats to mangroves, consequences, and potential solutions for effective conservation.
This study suggests the promising potential of satellite remote sensing images for monitoring illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing activities, contributing to SDG 14 (life below water).
Effective science-based fisheries management can be applied to a risk-based management framework as an essential step towards the achievement of Goal 14 with respect to the conservation and sustainable use of marine resources for sustainable development.
The study identifies different issues which have resulted in a weak fisheries regulatory framework in Bangladesh and how the legal framework governing the Bangladeshi fisheries sector can be reformed. The study submits that a reformed legal framework could play an instrumental role in achieving Sustainable Development Goal 14 in Bangladesh.

Science Bulletin, Volume 61, Issue 23, December 2016, Pages 1833-1838

Future climate change is usually projected by coupled earth system models under specific emission scenarios designed by integrated assessment models (IAMs): this offline approach means there is no interaction between the coupled earth system models and the IAMs. This paper introduces a new method to design possible future emission scenarios and corresponding climate change, in which a simple economic and climate damage component is added to the coupled earth system model of Beijing Normal University (BNU-ESMs. Measuring future climate change is critical for reporting on progress on SDG 13 Climate action.

Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 28, October 2017, Pages 90-99

Since the 1950s the amount of plastics in the marine environment has increased dramatically. Worldwide there is a growing concern about the risks and possible adverse effects of (micro)plastics. This paper reflects on the sources and effects of marine litter and the effects of policies and other actions taken worldwide related to SDG 14.