Poverty eradication

Poverty eradication is the central focus of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), specifically highlighted by SDG 1, "No Poverty." The aim is to end poverty in all its forms everywhere by 2030, underlining the necessity of ensuring social protection for the poor and vulnerable, enhancing access to basic services, and supporting people harmed by climate-related extreme events and other economic, social, and environmental shocks and disasters.

However, poverty eradication is intrinsically linked to all the other SDGs due to its pervasive influence. It hinders the achievement of quality education (SDG 4) as children from low-income households often lack access to quality education. In terms of "Good Health and Well-being" (SDG 3), poverty can result in inadequate access to healthcare services, nutritious food, and sanitation facilities, leading to poor health outcomes.

Moreover, "Decent Work and Economic Growth" (SDG 8) is crucial for lifting individuals out of poverty. Creating sustainable work opportunities and ensuring fair wages can lead to improved living conditions and break the cycle of poverty. "Zero Hunger" (SDG 2) is another goal where eradicating poverty plays a significant role since poverty is a primary driver of food insecurity.

From a broader perspective, the concept of sustainable cities and communities (SDG 11) involves creating environments where all citizens, regardless of their income level, can access basic urban services. This includes affordable, secure housing, transportation, and green public spaces.

In terms of climate action (SDG 13), the poor are often the most vulnerable to climate change impacts, despite contributing the least to greenhouse gas emissions. Efforts to mitigate climate change must include strategies to lift people out of poverty.

Partner content

April 2nd, 2019

The #SDGBookClub helps children learn about the Sustainable Development Goals. The book club presents a selection of books for children aged 5-12 on each of the goals. Check out the books that have been selected in support of Goal 1 - No Poverty.
Sexual and gender based violence (SGBV) is notoriously difficult to investigate and prosecute. SGBV occurs in varied contexts and requires flexibility in the investigative approach in order to develop a strong evidence base to enable successful prosecutions. In this paper we focus on the need for innovation and development of training protocols for gathering testimonial and forensic evidence in SGBV cases, particularly in low resource environments, such as developing countries, displaced communities, and conflict and post-conflict societies.

Entrepreneurship is widely argued to be critical for alleviating extreme poverty. However, research on this topic is characterized by diverging perspectives regarding poverty alleviation and remains fragmented across various research domains. This review examines 77 leading academic journals over the period 1990 to 2017 and identifies over 200 articles on entrepreneurship and poverty alleviation.


Science of the Total Environment, Volume 648, 15 January 2019

One of the key Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) set by the United Nations (UN) aims by 2030 to “end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture”. Fertilizers will play a pivotal role in achieving that goal given that ~90% of crop production growth is expected to come from higher yields and increased cropping intensity. However, materials-science research on fertilizers has received little attention, especially in Africa.

Contributing to SDGs 1 and 8, this report discusses how the adoption of pro-growth policies tends to result in lower levels of poverty, especially through opportunities for job creation. In particular, it calls for policies that promote greater access to credit and the protection of minority investors in order to reduce such levels of poverty. 

Current Directions in Water Scarcity Research, Volume 2, 2019, Pages 195-210

This book chapter addresses goals 1, 8 and 15 by focusing on rainfall index, which links insurance payouts to historical rainfall data from reliable weather gauging stations, and how it relates to crop and livestock losses. The system works in such a way that if the data shows that the rainfall amount is below the threshold, the insurance pays out. If implemented effectively, it has the potential to revolutionise access to formal insurance by smallholders.
There is overwhelming evidence that the national food system in South Africa is in crisis. This chapter contributes to goals 2 and 10 by outlining some of the key interventions that are attempting to increase food equity and sustainability.
This chapter explores goals 1 and 10 by examining whether the social sustainability enjoyed by sugar industry employees can be maintained given expanding beet production, falling world prices, promotion of healthy diets and the development of sugar alternatives.
Elsevier, Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 34, October 2018
The relationships between the natural environment and poverty have been a central theme in the sustainability and development literatures. However, they have been less influential in mainstream international development and conservation policies, which often neglect or fail to adequately address these relationships. This paper examines how the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) may influence the framing of environment–poverty relationships. We argue that the SDGs’ comprehensive nature could provide an opportunity for better environment–poverty integration.