Poverty eradication

Poverty eradication is the central focus of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), specifically highlighted by SDG 1, "No Poverty." The aim is to end poverty in all its forms everywhere by 2030, underlining the necessity of ensuring social protection for the poor and vulnerable, enhancing access to basic services, and supporting people harmed by climate-related extreme events and other economic, social, and environmental shocks and disasters.

However, poverty eradication is intrinsically linked to all the other SDGs due to its pervasive influence. It hinders the achievement of quality education (SDG 4) as children from low-income households often lack access to quality education. In terms of "Good Health and Well-being" (SDG 3), poverty can result in inadequate access to healthcare services, nutritious food, and sanitation facilities, leading to poor health outcomes.

Moreover, "Decent Work and Economic Growth" (SDG 8) is crucial for lifting individuals out of poverty. Creating sustainable work opportunities and ensuring fair wages can lead to improved living conditions and break the cycle of poverty. "Zero Hunger" (SDG 2) is another goal where eradicating poverty plays a significant role since poverty is a primary driver of food insecurity.

From a broader perspective, the concept of sustainable cities and communities (SDG 11) involves creating environments where all citizens, regardless of their income level, can access basic urban services. This includes affordable, secure housing, transportation, and green public spaces.

In terms of climate action (SDG 13), the poor are often the most vulnerable to climate change impacts, despite contributing the least to greenhouse gas emissions. Efforts to mitigate climate change must include strategies to lift people out of poverty.

Mothers are often perceived as key agents in safeguarding the interests of children. If the assumption that women, given the opportunity, are more likely than men to see to the interests of children is true, children can be expected to be less exposed to severe forms of deprivation in countries where women have a relatively strong position in society. The hypotheses that fewer children are exposed to health deprivation and to severe forms of food deprivation in countries where there is a high degree of gender equity are tested.
The authors examine the ways in which miriti fruits are harvested, traded and consumed, and highlight the social and economic benefits that they bring to local communities.
Elsevier, World Development, Volume 103, March 2018
Data collection methods and poverty measures have not caught up with the reality of an increasingly urbanised world; as a result, urban poverty may be underestimated. This has important implications for targeting interventions and allocating resources in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Poor air quality has extremely detrimental health consequences, including cancer, stroke, asthma or heart disease. Existing research on air pollution-induced environmental injustice (EI) in Hong Kong (HK) is based on sparse air pollution data due to the limited number of pollution monitoring stations, rendering the study of the relationship between air pollution exposure and social deprivation (SD), and the subsequent study of EI at finer geographical scales difficult.
Elsevier, World Development, Volume 101, January 2018
This paper presents a new demographic profile of extreme and moderate poverty, defined as those living on less than $1.90 and between $1.90 and $3.10 per day in 2013, based on household survey data from 89 developing countries. The face of poverty is primarily rural and young; 80% of the extreme poor and 75% of the moderate poor live in rural areas. Over 45% of the extreme poor are children younger than 15 years old, and nearly 60% of the extreme poor live in households with three or more children.
After a long-term decline in the frequency and lethality of famines, 2017 has witnessed resurgent international concern over the issue. This paper examines the trends in famine over the last 150 years, with particular attention to the fusion of famine with forcible mass starvation. It identifies four main historic periods of famines, namely: the zenith of European colonialism; the extended World War; post-colonial totalitarianism; and post-Cold War humanitarian emergencies; and asks whether we may be entering a fifth period in which famines return in new guises.
Voluntary sustainability standards have expanded dramatically over the last decade. In the agricultural sector, such standards aim to ensure environmentally and socially sustainable production of a variety of commodity crops. However, little is known about where agricultural certification operates and whether certified lands are best located for conserving the world's most important biodiversity and benefiting the most vulnerable producers.
This paper shows that despite progress in reducing extreme poverty, little progress has been made in reducing the number of people living on between $1.25 and $2 a day and it provides updated estimates of rural and urban poverty for regions throughout the developing world. It then shows the dramatic growth in recent decades in government expenditures on social protection, defined broadly. Next it shows that social assistance coverage is lowest and amounts transferred the smallest in parts of the world where poverty is most widespread.
The main street in 1950s (left) and now (right).
Increasing attention has been given to historically and culturally significant traditional villages in China in the past five years. Two key themes have been protection and usage. Rural tourism has been recognized as a key approach to rural development and poverty alleviation. Through a systematic knowledge review, this paper proposes an integrative and sustainable Rural Tourism-based Traditional Village Revitalization model to better understand the relationship between rural tourism and village revitalization.
Ruth Machuma Ndunde with her cow
Nearly 30 years on from its launch by a group of UK West Country dairy farmers, the charity Send a Cow is making a big difference to people’s lives in seven countries in Africa. With its new campaign under way, Farmers Weekly finds out what the charity hopes to achieve and how farmers abroad are benefiting with the help of their UK counterparts. Endeavours such as this support SDG 1 No Poverty, and SDG 2 Zero Hunger and are a great example of SDG 17 Partnerships for the goals in action.