Science

The role of science in achieving the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) cannot be overstated. Science, technology, and innovation are instrumental to addressing the significant challenges encompassed within the 17 SDGs, ranging from poverty and inequality to climate change and biodiversity loss.

Science underpins our understanding of the challenges our world faces and is pivotal in SDG 13 (Climate Action) and SDG 14 (Life Below Water) and 15 (Life on Land), where understanding ecosystems, environmental degradation, and climate change is paramount. Research in the Earth and environmental sciences provides us with knowledge about the severity of these issues and potential mitigation and adaptation strategies.

Furthermore, in SDG 3 (Good Health and Well-being), science in the form of medical research and biotechnology contributes to the development of treatments and preventive measures for various diseases. Vaccines, therapeutic drugs, and disease prevention techniques have been made possible due to advancements in biological and health sciences.

Moreover, technological advancements and innovative solutions, often rooted in science, are essential to achieving SDG 7 (Affordable and Clean Energy), SDG 6 (Clean Water and Sanitation), and SDG 9 (Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure). From developing renewable energy technologies to creating systems that enhance water and sanitation accessibility, science serves as the bedrock of these innovations.

Science also plays a critical role in SDG 2 (Zero Hunger) by improving agricultural methods, crop yields, and food storage. Through genetic engineering and modern farming techniques, scientists can help increase food security and reduce world hunger.

Finally, science is integral to SDG 4 (Quality Education). A well-rounded education should include a robust scientific curriculum that fosters critical thinking, problem-solving, and a deep understanding of the world. Furthermore, by promoting scientific literacy, societies are better equipped to make informed decisions about policies and practices that affect sustainable development.

To make strides in achieving the SDGs, the scientific community, policymakers, and society must work together. The integration of science into policy-making processes is fundamental in developing and implementing sustainable and impactful strategies that move us closer to accomplishing these ambitious yet achievable goals.

CeO2 shows unique catalytic properties by an acid–base bifunctionality as well as redox properties. The acid–base bifunctional properties of CeO2 have been applied to the non-reductive CO2 conversion with alcohols such as dimethyl carbonate (DMC) synthesis from CO2 and methanol. CeO2 shows very high selectivity to DMC; however, the yield of DMC is strongly limited by the equilibrium. The combination of the synthesis of organic carbonates from CO2 and corresponding alcohols with suitable H2O removal methods can enhance the yield of the organic carbonates beyond the equilibrium limitation.
Elsevier, Materials Today Sustainability, Volume 9, September 2020
Solar light-driven water splitting provides a promising way to store and use abundant solar energy in the form of gaseous hydrogen which is the cleanest chemical fuel for mankind; therefore this field has been attracting increasing attention over the past decades.
Elsevier,

Drilling Engineering: Towards Achieving Total Sustainability, Sustainable Oil and Gas Development Series, 2021, Pages 529-618

This book chapter advances SDG 7 by describing the latest technologies including data processing and data acquisition around drilling enabling smarter and more sustainable practices.
Elsevier,

Drilling Engineering: Towards Achieving Total Sustainability, Sustainable Oil and Gas Development Series, 2021, Pages 619-673

This book chapter advances SDG 7 by explaining how environmental sustainability can be achieved in oil and gas drilling through practices, green chemistry, and zero waste supply chains.
World Alzheimer's Day is an international campaign organised by Alzheimer's Disease International to raise awareness and highlight issues faced by people affected by dementia. It takes place every year on September 21st and is the focus of World Alzheimer's Month. In support of this year’s theme – ‘Let’s talk about dementia’ - Elsevier presents a curated, open access collection of 25 journal articles and book chapters focused on challenging the fear and stigma associated with dementia.
This Research Paper supports SDG 3 by demonstrating that the use of rapid whole-exome sequencing to detect rare genetic diseases can reduce health-care expenditure and achieve net healthcare cost-savings in clinical settings in Hong Kong.
This book chapter advances SDG 3 and 6 by exploring the feasibility/design implications for coastal reservoirs based on estimation of runoff, detailed assessment of water demand and estimation of water quality.
Elsevier,

Reaching Net Zero, What It Takes to Solve the Global Climate Crisis, 2020, Pages 107-122

This book chapter advances SDG 11, 13, 17 by describing the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and other reports on the need to limit global temperature increase to 2.0°C and preferably 1.5°C. The chapter outlines possible scenarios and introduces the concept of “net zero” by 2050, the essential elimination of greenhouse gas emissions. The chapter also discusses why this deadline is not achievable and presents a more likely scenario.
Introduction: Dermatologic disease represents a significant burden worldwide, but the regional effect of skin disease in the Caribbean and how it relates to socioeconomic status remain unknown. Objective: This study aims to measure the burden of skin disease in the Caribbean from epidemiologic and socioeconomic standpoints. Methods: We selected Global Burden of Disease Study data sets to analyze disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and the annual rate of change of dermatoses between 1990 and 2017 in 18 Caribbean countries and the United States.
This book chapter addresses SDG goals 3 and 5 by explaining how patients' and physicians' education and recruitment strategies can improve to bolster women's enrollment in clinical trials.

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