Sustainable transport

Sustainable transport plays a crucial role in realizing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), specifically through SDG 9 (Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure), SDG 11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities), SDG 3 (Good Health and Well-being), and SDG 13 (Climate Action). By fostering an inclusive and sustainable transportation system, we can facilitate social and economic development, mitigate environmental damage, and improve the overall quality of life.

In the context of SDG 9, sustainable transport infrastructure fosters economic growth and innovation by enabling the movement of goods and services, promoting regional integration, and enhancing access to markets. It also drives industrial sustainability by fostering energy-efficient modes of transport and facilitating the transition to a low-carbon economy.

Under SDG 11, sustainable transport is key to creating sustainable cities and communities. It enhances urban mobility, reduces congestion, and mitigates air pollution, thereby improving the quality of life in urban areas. Public transportation, cycling, and walking, as components of sustainable transport, also promote social inclusion by ensuring everyone, including the poor, the disabled, and the elderly, can access opportunities and services.

For SDG 3, sustainable transport can improve public health. Reducing the reliance on private vehicles decreases air and noise pollution, mitigating respiratory diseases, and reducing stress levels. Furthermore, encouraging active transport modes, such as walking and cycling, can combat sedentary lifestyles and associated health issues, such as obesity and heart diseases.

In relation to SDG 13, sustainable transport plays a vital role in combating climate change. The transportation sector is one of the major contributors to greenhouse gas emissions, thus, shifting towards sustainable transport, such as electric vehicles or public transport, can significantly reduce carbon emissions and help mitigate the effects of climate change.

Despite its benefits, achieving sustainable transport requires addressing multiple challenges, such as the high upfront costs of sustainable transport infrastructure, the lack of institutional capacity, and resistance from vested interests. Policies and strategies should be implemented to encourage the use of sustainable transport and ensure its affordability and accessibility to all members of society.

Elsevier,

Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Volume 115, February 2023

Review article that examines 66 studies to understand the state of knowledge on the relationship between urban environment and the travel of people with disabilities. Adapts the classic travel demand model to the mobility characteristics of people with disabilities, interprets the existing literature, points out the missing links, and suggests directions of future research.
Offers practical insights to guide shipping industry managers to introduce environmentally responsible and sustainable practices.
Electromobility is the future main system for Swedish road transport that encourage sustainable urban transportation. However, emission impacts of applying electric vehicles (EVs) are currently controversial. This study evaluates and compares internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs) refer to both petrol and diesel-based engines and BEVs, focusing on environmental and energy impacts.
Fig. 1. Cycling infrastructure typologies within the study context. Source: Own elaboration.
This Study supports SDG 5 and SDG 11 by discussing innovations in micro-mobility and their unequal impacts by gender.
Elsevier,

Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Volume 113, December 2022

In support of SDG 5 and 11, this Study discusses which transport infrastructure innovations are required to support gender-equitable cycling, especially in developing countries.
This Article supports SDG 8,9 and 10, by examining the direct relation between economic inequity and burden of disease due to air pollution in India considering time trends from 2011-2019.
Elsevier,

Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Volume 15, September 2022

Increasing road traffic in China means roadkill is a large and growing problem there. This paper analyses patterns in order to support mitigation measures.
Elsevier,

Biodegradability of Conventional Plastics: Opportunities, Challenges, and Misconceptions, Volume 1, 1 January 2022

This chapter aligns with Goal 3: Good health and well-being and Goal 9: Industry, innovation and infrastructure by discussing the applicability of biological processes for the remediation of plastics as sustainable practice and future implications of biodegradable polymers and composites in the automobile industry.
Elsevier,

Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, Volume 89, August 2022

Systematic review of mental health consequences of traffic accidents - large study on a major phenomenon.
Elsevier,

Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Volume 109, August 2022

Explicitly addresses mental health SDG. Explores and measures relationship between length of commute and mental health.

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