Diversity and inclusion

Diversity and inclusion are pivotal components of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Primarily, they relate to SDG 10 (Reduced Inequalities) and SDG 5 (Gender Equality), aiming to promote social, economic, and political inclusion and ensure equal opportunities for all, irrespective of gender, age, race, ethnicity, origin, religion, economic status, or disability. Furthermore, diversity and inclusion relate to SDG 4 (Quality Education) by promoting inclusive and equitable quality education. SDG 8 (Decent Work and Economic Growth) also embodies the values of diversity and inclusion, calling for equal pay for work of equal value and promoting safe and inclusive working environments. Ultimately, the pursuit of diversity and inclusion is indispensable for realizing a fair and sustainable world as envisioned by the SDGs.

Background: Compared to cisgender peers, transgender and gender diverse (TGD) people experience significant health disparities associated with discrimination and limited access to appropriate care in healthcare settings. Nurses represent the largest segment of the United States (US) healthcare workforce; however, US nursing programs only dedicate approximately 2.12 h to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and TGD (LGBT)-related content.
Background: Disparities in outcomes of adult sepsis are well described by insurance status and race and ethnicity. There is a paucity of data looking at disparities in sepsis outcomes in children. We aimed to determine whether hospital outcomes in childhood severe sepsis were influenced by race or ethnicity and insurance status, a proxy for socioeconomic position. Methods: This population-based, retrospective cohort study used data from the 2016 database release from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kids’ Inpatient Database (KID).
Background: Many causes of vision impairment can be prevented or treated. With an ageing global population, the demands for eye health services are increasing. We estimated the prevalence and relative contribution of avoidable causes of blindness and vision impairment globally from 1990 to 2020. We aimed to compare the results with the World Health Assembly Global Action Plan (WHA GAP) target of a 25% global reduction from 2010 to 2019 in avoidable vision impairment, defined as cataract and undercorrected refractive error.
Elsevier, Cell, Volume 184, 4 February 2021
Our nationwide network of BME women faculty collectively argue that racial funding disparity by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) remains the most insidious barrier to success of Black faculty in our profession. We thus refocus attention on this critical barrier and suggest solutions on how it can be dismantled.
COVID-19, Obesity, and Structural Racism.
This study supports SDG 3 and 10 by reporting that Māori and Pacific people with type 2 diabetes have consistently poorer health outcomes than European patients, indicating the need for specific policies and interventions to better manage type 2 diabetes in these subpopulations.

Handbook of Aging and the Social Sciences (Ninth Edition) Handbooks of Aging 2021, Pages 131-149

This book chapter advances SDG3 Good Health and Wellbeing and SDG 10 Reducing Inequalities by examining the research on the role of segregation, and resultant differences in childhood neighborhood quality, as fundamental causes of health disparities over the life course including illness and disability.
This chapter addresses SDG 10 and SDG 3 by reviewing the explosion of research over the past 15 years on the role of segregation, and resultant differences in childhood neighborhood quality, as fundamental causes of health disparities over the life course.

Human Sexuality, Function, Dysfunction, Paraphilias, and Relationships, 2021, Pages 63-105

Includes factors contributing to a fulfilling sexual relationship, gender differences in sexual behavior, sexuality and culture, affect, sexual toys and masturbation and their relation to sexual enjoyment, and sexuality in the 21st century. Supports the goal of SDG target 3.7: By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes
This book chapter advances SDG3 Good Health and Wellbeing and SDG10 Reducing Inequalities by examining the role caregivers provide as a critical source of care for people living with disabilities and chronic conditions.