Africa

Food insecurity caused by climate change has become one of the main issues on the global agenda. Worldwide, the importance of digital tools as a means to enhance adaptive capacity and resilience of smallholder farmers (SHFs) in the face of climate variability has long been recognised. Technology-based systems in agriculture frequently neglect to consider the actual context of use and adoption by SHFs in rural and developing contexts.
Anthropogenic activity is a major driver of seabird injury and mortality in the 21st century. Although most seabirds perish within the natural environment as a result of human activities, some are rescued and admitted to rehabilitation centres. Despite the considerable number of admissions, little is known regarding the physiological response seabirds have to specific admission reasons and the rehabilitation process.
Graphical abstract
A hydro-economic assessment of the headwaters of the Nile River revealed the upstream-downstream linkages and interconnections among socio-economic development, climate change, and the environment.
Elsevier,

Encyclopedia of Virology (Fourth Edition), Volume 2, 2021, Pages 232-244

Overviews the Ebola virus, endemic in Central Africa and cause of severe hemorrhagic fevers. Although no licensed treatment is available to treat disease, vaccines have recently been licensed in Europe, the USA and elsewhere. The goal of SDG 3.3 is 3.3 the end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases.
This chapter advances SDG 6 by presenting a case study for depollution of water, which contributes to achieving clean water in North Africa.
This book chapter addresses SDG 7 and 12 by explaining how biofuel made from producing crops can lend to sustainable agricultural solutions for developing countries with sub-Saharan Africa used as a case study.
Elsevier, American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 60, January 2021
Introduction: Although vaccination coverage is high in Kenya relative to other African nations, undervaccinated children remain, making it important to identify characteristics of these children and their caregivers. Potentially relevant but understudied factors are women's empowerment and early marriage. Women who marry older and have more autonomous decision-making authority may be better able to ensure their children receive health services, including immunizations.
Elsevier, Heliyon, Volume 6, December 2020
Alzheimer poses lots of challenges in Low and Middle Income Countries, especially in Nigeria. Globally, the causes of Alzheimer are poorly understood. Cultural factors affect the preference of mental health treatment for treating people living with Alzheimer's disease (PLWA However, Alzheimer's and its gender differentials have been given little consideration in particular. Twenty-four in-depth study was conducted with caregivers and family members/relatives of people living with Alzheimer's (PLWA) residing in the study area.
Elsevier, Women's Studies International Forum, Volume 83, 1 November 2020
This paper provides a critical feminist analysis of seven policies relating to gender equality in the agriculture sector of Ethiopia. A review of 22 major documents that outline legislation and policy frame the feminist analysis. Despite the strong commitment of the Government of Ethiopia (GoE) toward gender equality and gender mainstreaming, many of the policies analyzed do not integrate gender equality as a priority for the growth and development of the country and do not adequately mainstream gender.
COVID-19 testing in Africa has so far been limited to larger cities because of how the tests are conducted, which means that it is far more difficult to test those in remote and rural areas where there are higher rates of poverty. The United Nations’ Global Goal 3 promotes good health and well-being for all, and this can only be achieved if all people in all places have access to health care and virus testing.

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