50 articles for 50 years of gay pride: celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Stonewall Riots

In the early hours of 28 June, 1969, police raided New York City's Stonewall Inn, a popular gay establishment. Police intentions were to search people and make arrests. On this night, instead of the crowds usual docility, the mostly gay crowd began to fight back. The Stonewall riots remain one of the most important catalysts for the gay rights movement. This year marks the 50th anniversary of the Stonewall riots.

To celebrate this milestone, Elsevier presents 50 select articles on LGBTI research, open for you to read until the end of 2019. At Elsevier, we are honoured to publish peer-reviewed scientific research on areas concerning LGBTI issues. As a company, we fully support the principles of Inclusion and Diversity, in the composition of our editors, editorial boards, conference committees, as well as within the company and amongst our colleagues. We encourage individuals of any sexual orientation to be able to bring their full selves to work, and inspire straight allies to spread awareness and knowledge. To this end, our colleagues have started several chapters of our employee resource group, Elsevier Pride around the world. This includes the flagship Amsterdam Pride group, in addition to ones in the US, the UK, Philippines, Brazil and India.

Table of contents

Elsevier, Clinical Psychology Review, Volume 17, 1997
Social stigmatization hinders the ability of gay adolescents to achieve the tasks of adolescence. Because their sexual identity is denigrated by society, these youth have difficulty forming a positive identity and establishing healthy peer and intimate relationships. Family relations are often painful, and gay adolescents are susceptible to loneliness, isolation, depression, and suicide. Validation of these adolescents' affectional and erotic feelings helps to normalize their adolescence, as does providing' them with a peer group of other gay youth.
Elsevier, Journal of Adolescent Health, Volume 26, April 2000
Purpose: To identify factors related to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody testing among gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth. Methods: Self-reported demographics, risk behaviors, variables related to the Health Belief Model, and HIV testing data were collected at a conference for gay youth, as well as at the Gay and Lesbian Community Center in a Southeastern metropolitan area (n = 117). Results: About one third of participating youth who reported engaging in anal and vaginal sex had done so without a condom. In addition, one in four youth reported at least one other HIV risk factor.

The Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care : JANAC, Volume 11, November-December 2000

 The article highlights the emergence of bareback sex, which refers to actively seeking unprotected anal intercourse, as a new phenomenon in the gay male community.

Journal of Adolescent Health, Volume 30, Issue 5, May 2002, Pages 364-374.

This article contributes to SDG 10 (reduced inequalities), SDG 4 (quality education) and SDG 3 (good health and well-being). Research examines the link between victimization at school and health risk behaviours using representative data comparing lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youths and heterosexual youths.

Patient Education and Counseling, Volume 51, Issue 2, October 2003, Pages 115-122. 

This paper examines common communication barriers and provides strategies for enhancing communication between medical staff and patients in a gender-neutral, non-judgmental manner, contributing to SDGs 3 (good health and well-being) and 10 (reduced inequalities).
Elsevier, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Volume 78, 9 May 2005
Background: Methamphetamine-dependent gay and bisexual men (GBM) are at high risk for HIV transmission, largely due to drug-associated sexual risk behaviors. This project evaluated the efficacy of four behavioral drug abuse treatments for reducing methamphetamine use and sexual risk behaviors among this population.

Eating Behaviors, Volume 6, Issue 3, June 2005, Pages 179-187.

This research discovers gay men tend to be more dissatisfied with their bodies and may be at greater risk for symptoms of eating disorders compared to heterosexual men. This research directly contributes to SDG 3 (good health and well-being) and SDG 10 (reduced inequalities).
Elsevier, Sexologies, Volume 17, October 2008
Treatment of gender-identity disorders is guided by standards set forth by the World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH). Although not absolute, WPATH's eligibility criteria for hormone therapy and/or genital-reconstructive surgery include participation in psychotherapy. In addition, applicants for genital-reconstructive surgery are required to live at least one year full-time in the preferred gender role, a period referred to as the real-life experience (RLE).

Social Science Research, Volume 38, Issue 2, June 2009, Pages 338-351.

This article explores the role of religion and cultural context in shaping attitudes about homosexuality across the globe, developing SDG 10 (reduced inequalities).
Elsevier, Trends in Ecology and Evolution, Volume 24, August 2009
Same-sex sexual behavior has been extensively documented in non-human animals. Here we review the contexts in which it has been studied, focusing on case studies that have tested both adaptive and non-adaptive explanations for the persistence of same-sex sexual behavior. Researchers have begun to make headway unraveling possible evolutionary origins of these behaviors and reasons for their maintenance in populations, and we advocate expanding these approaches to examine their role as agents of evolutionary change.
Elsevier, Addictive Behaviors, Volume 35, May 2010
Adolescents with a minority sexual orientation (e.g., lesbian, gay, and bisexual) are more likely to use substances than their heterosexual peers. This study aimed to increase understanding of the development of drug use in this vulnerable population by: 1) comparing longitudinal patterns of past-year illicit drug use (e.g., marijuana, cocaine, and ecstasy) and misuse of prescription drugs among minority sexual orientation youth relative to heterosexual youth and, 2) examining how sexual orientation sub-group, gender, and age relate to variation in the risk of drug use.
Elsevier, Child Abuse and Neglect, Volume 36, September 2012
Objectives: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) populations exhibit elevated rates of psychiatric disorders compared to heterosexuals, and these disparities emerge early in the life course. We examined the role of exposure to early-life victimization and adversity-including physical and sexual abuse, homelessness, and intimate partner violence-in explaining sexual orientation disparities in mental health among adolescents and young adults. Methods: Data were drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, Wave 3 (2001-2002), a nationally representative survey of adolescents.
Elsevier, Social Science and Medicine, Volume 84, May 2013
A growing body of literature supports stigma and discrimination as fundamental causes of health disparities. Stigma and discrimination experienced by transgender people have been associated with increased risk for depression, suicide, and HIV. Transgender stigma and discrimination experienced in health care influence transgender people's health care access and utilization. Thus, understanding how stigma and discrimination manifest and function in health care encounters is critical to addressing health disparities for transgender people.
Elsevier, Journal of Aging Studies, Volume 27, January 2013
While we know that minority status differentiates the experience of aging, little research has been done to examine the ways in which patterns of successful aging may differ in diverse subgroups of older adults. In this exploratory study, we investigated and described experiences of successful aging in a sample of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) older adults. Directed by a community-based participatory research process, we conducted semi-structured in-depth interviews with 22 LGBT adults, age 60 and older.

Research in Organizational Behavior, Volume 34, 2014, Pages 3-25.

Developing SDG 10 (reduced inequalities), this article offers a critical review of four dominant scholarly frames that have informed LGBT organizational research from the late nineteenth century to date. These frames include medical abnormality, deviant social role, collective identity and social distinctiveness views of sexual minorities.

The Lancet, Volume 383, Issue 9916, 8–14 February 2014, Pages 500-502.

SDG 3 (good health and well-being), SDG 10 (reduced inequalities) and SDG 16 (peace, justice and strong institutions) are all directly relevant to this research. This report investigates the health consequences of rising anti-gay laws and homophobia in seemingly liberal nations.

Social Science & Medicine, Volume 147, December 2015, Pages 222-231.

This critical review aims to integrate the literature on stigma towards transgender people in the US, contributing to SDG 10 (reduced inequalities). Such stigmas limit transgender access to resources in a number of critical domains including healthcare and employment, impacting SDG 3 (good health and well-being) and SDG 8 (decent work and economic growth).
Elsevier, Journal of Adolescent Health, Volume 56, 1 March 2015
Purpose The mental health and victimization of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth have garnered media attention with the "It Gets Better Project." Despite this popular interest, there is an absence of empirical evidence evaluating a possible developmental trajectory in LGBTQ distress and the factors that might influence distress over time.
Elsevier, Journal of Adolescent Health, Volume 56, 1 March 2015
Purpose Transgender youth represent a vulnerable population at risk for negative mental health outcomes including depression, anxiety, self-harm, and suicidality. Limited data exist to compare the mental health of transgender adolescents and emerging adults to cisgender youth accessing community-based clinical services; the present study aimed to fill this gap. Methods A retrospective cohort study of electronic health record data from 180 transgender patients aged 12-29 years seen between 2002 and 2011 at a Boston-based community health center was performed.

International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (Second Edition), 2015, Pages 765-770.

This paper aligns with SDG 10 (reduced inequalities), exploring theoretical insights surrounding Queer Theory.
Elsevier, The Lancet, Volume 388, 1 July 2016
Transgender people are a diverse population affected by a range of negative health indicators across high-income, middle-income, and low-income settings. Studies consistently document a high prevalence of adverse health outcomes in this population, including HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, mental health distress, and substance use and abuse. However, many other health areas remain understudied, population-based representative samples and longitudinal studies are few, and routine surveillance efforts for transgender population health are scarce.
Elsevier, The Lancet, Volume 388, 1 July 2016
In this paper we examine the social and legal conditions in which many transgender people (often called trans people) live, and the medical perspectives that frame the provision of health care for transgender people across much of the world. Modern research shows much higher numbers of transgender people than were apparent in earlier clinic-based studies, as well as biological factors associated with gender incongruence. We examine research showing that many transgender people live on the margins of society, facing stigma, discrimination, exclusion, violence, and poor health.
Elsevier, Pediatric Clinics of North America, Volume 63, 1 December 2016
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT), and questioning youth represent a diverse population who are affected by many sexual health inequities, including increased risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). To provide comprehensive sexual health care for LGBT youth, providers should set the stage with a nonjudgmental, respectful tone. Providers should be competent in recognizing symptoms of STIs and HIV and aware of the most up-to-date screening guidelines for LGBT youth.
Elsevier, The Lancet, Volume 388, 9 July 2016
Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) continue to have disproportionately high burdens of HIV infection in countries of low, middle, and high income in 2016. 4 years after publication of a Lancet Series on MSM and HIV, progress on reducing HIV incidence, expanding sustained access to treatment, and realising human rights gains for MSM remains markedly uneven and fraught with challenges.
Elsevier, Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, Volume 23, 1 August 2016
Young gay and bisexual men are at increased risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Research suggests that the stress associated with being a stigmatized minority is related to negative mental health outcomes, substance use, and condomless sex. However, interventions aimed at reducing HIV risk behaviors in young gay and bisexual men have failed to address these important variables. The purpose of the present paper is to assist cognitive and behavioral therapists who work with young gay and bisexual men to conduct therapy for stress management and HIV prevention.
Elsevier, Critical Perspectives on Accounting, Volume 35, March 01, 2016
There is a paucity of research on sexuality within accounting studies in general, and next to nothing on lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans* (LGBT) sexualities in particular. One major problem associated with this neglect is that the heteronormative bias within the accounting studies goes unchallenged, reproducing a heterosexual/homosexual binary that posits heterosexuality as a normative standard by which other sexualities are judged and found wanting.
Elsevier, The Lancet HIV, Volume 4, September 2017
Background Data for on-demand pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) are scarce. We implemented a cohort study to assess its efficacy, safety, and effect on sexual behaviour. Methods We invited men and transgender women who have sex with men, previously enrolled in the randomised placebo-controlled ANRS IPERGAY trial at seven sites (six in France and one in Canada), to participate in an open-label extension with on-demand tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (300 mg) and emtricitabine (200 mg) to be taken before and after sexual intercourse.
Elsevier, Social Science and Medicine, Volume 172, 1 January 2017
Rationale Much of the data on the acceptability of HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) is based on willingness to take PrEP (i.e., hypothetical receptivity) rather than actual intentions (i.e., planned behavioral action) to do so. Objective We sought to examine differences between hypothetical willingness and behavioral intentions to begin PrEP in a national sample of gay and bisexual men (GBM) across the U.S.

Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 116, 1 October 2017, Pages 372-378.

This article develops a theoretical framework to develop current understandings of evolutionary origins of same-sex attraction within women. This research may therefore help drive forward SDG 10 (reduced inequalities).
Elsevier, Emotion, Space and Society, Volume 25, November 2017
This article explores queer(ed) punk scenes, primarily in Australia. Queer ciswomen, transwomen and non-binary people aged 20–30 years are the informants here in a feminist-informed ethnographic study. They were found to engage strategies of resistance against cismale dominance at punk gigs and events in order to claim queer(ed) territory. In brief, they worked collectively to subvert the dominant patriarchal norms in punk spaces. They mobilised community-building through the politics of Do-It-Together (DIT) as a radical reshaping of the traditional punk ethos of DIY (Do-It-Yourself).

Clinical Psychology Review, Volume 66, December 2018, Pages 24-38.

Developing SDG 3 (good health and well-being) and SDG 10 (reduced inequalities), this article explores transgender and gender non-conforming (TGNC) populations in health care settings. Findings suggest that TGNC people are exposed to a variety of social stressors, including stigma, discrimination, and bias events that contribute to mental health problems.

Journal of Adolescent Health, Volume 63, Issue 4, October 2018, Pages 503-505.

This study aimed to examine the relation between chosen name use, as a proxy for youths' gender affirmation in various contexts, and mental health among transgender youth. This research directly contributes to SDG 3 (good health and well-being) and SDG 10 (reduced inequalities).
Elsevier, Nurse Education Today, Volume 64, May 2018
Background: An inclusive health curriculum within undergraduate and continuing professional development programmes (CPD) should include issues related to people whom identify as LGBT+. Objectives: The aim of this systematic review was to examine the education and training requirements of undergraduate students and health professionals regarding the inclusion of LGBT+ health issues. Design: A systematic review of the available published empirical studies.

Contraception, Volume 97, Issue 5, May 2018, Pages 378-39.

This study explores family planning services available to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex and asexual clients in order to inform clinical and research strategies. Themes discussed actively contribute to SDG 10 (reduced inequalities) and SDG 3 (good health and well-being).
Elsevier, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Volume 185, 1 April 2018
Background: Concurrent psychosocial problems may synergistically increase the risk of HIV infection (syndemics), representing a challenge for prevention. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence and associated factors of syndemics among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) enrolled in the Brazilian pre-exposure prophylaxis demonstration study (PrEP Brasil Study). Methods: Secondary cross-sectional analysis of the PrEP Brasil Study was performed.

The Journal of Sexual Medicine, Volume 15, Issue 4, April 2018, Pages 582-590.

Contributing to SDG 3 (good health and well-being) and SDG 10 (reduced inequalities), this article explores how frequently gender-affirming treatments are performed, and the number of people experiencing regret of this treatment.
Elsevier, Maturitas, Volume 107, January 2018
Objectives Gender identity disorder is defined as a strong and persistent cross-gender identification that is associated with a remarkable uneasiness of living in an incongruent gender (gender dysphoria). We performed a retrospective study on the hormonal and metabolic effects of cross-sex hormone therapy (CSHT) in a small cohort of transgender patients. Study design Retrospective study. Mean outcome measures Hormonal and biochemical parameters at baseline (i.e.
Elsevier, Seminars in Oncology Nursing, Volume 34, February 2018
Objective: To discuss lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT)-specific survivorship issues including: integrating sexual and gender minority identities with cancer survivor identities; coordinating medical care and disclosing identities to health care providers; dealing with late effects of treatment; and addressing LGBT family and relationship issues. Data Sources: Published articles, quotes from an online survey of 311 LGBT survivors.
Elsevier, Maturitas, Volume 126, August 2019
This review discusses established transgender individuals on hormones who have reached their desired post-pubertal phenotype. Current guidelines have not clearly integrated specific considerations for the older population. This review focuses on changes in physiology with age, recommended maintenance therapy and safety evaluation to mitigate the risks of hormone therapy with a focus on the older population.
Elsevier, World Development, Volume 120, August 2019
This study analyzes the relationship between social inclusion of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people and economic development. It uses legal and economic data for 132 countries from 1966 to 2011. Previous studies and reports provide substantial evidence that LGBT people are limited in their human rights in ways that also create economic harms, such as lost labor time, lost productivity, underinvestment in human capital, and the inefficient allocation of human resources.
Elsevier, Psychiatric Clinics of North America, Volume 40, June 2017
Although sexual minority women (SMW) and transgender women have become increasingly visible in recent years and have made progress in achieving civil rights, they continue to face significant levels of discrimination, stigma, and physical violence. As a result, each group faces a wide variety of health disparities, including mental illness and substance use disorders. Overall, both SMW and transgender women experience higher rates of mood and anxiety disorders, suicidality, and substance use disorders than their heterosexual and cisgender counterparts.
Elsevier, Social Science and Medicine, Volume 230, June 2019
Rationale: Transgender people face unique challenges, such as structural, interpersonal, and individual vulnerabilities to chronic diseases. Stigma and prejudice may hamper their access to health care and prevent their inclusion in the labor market, as well as cause exposition to violence. Labor market exclusion contributes to engagement in survival sex work, which increases HIV infection vulnerability.
Elsevier, Applied Nursing Research, Volume 47, June 2019
Young gay men are affected by HIV. Due to a lack of studies on these males, and that previous research notes youth's minimal healthcare seeking, we recruited young gay men at a gay men's STI testing clinic to explore their perceptions of care. Eight men participated in semi-structured interviews. Our results identified that, while our participants experienced stigma in some interactions, particularly when healthcare workers emphasized the probability of contracting HIV for gay men, overall they reported positive experiences with healthcare providers, particularly at the gay men's STI clinic.
Elsevier, Teaching and Teacher Education, Volume 80, April 2019
This essay shares findings from an exhaustive review of the English-language published scholarship on integrating gender and sexual diversity in teacher education (GSDTE) since 1982. The 158 sources substantiate a largely USA-based field with an array of studied pedagogies and a citational reliance on statistics that reveal the school-sited suffering of gender and sexual minority youth.
Elsevier, The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, April 2019
Background: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) worldwide. Previous reviews investigating the role of circumcision in preventing HIV and other STIs among MSM were inconclusive. Many new studies have emerged in the past decade. To inform global prevention strategies for HIV and other STIs among MSM, we reviewed all available evidence on the associations between circumcision and HIV and other STIs among MSM.
Elsevier, Journal of School Psychology, Volume 74, June 2019
Inclusive policies that attend to sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) are associated with more supportive school environments for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth. We use the 2013–2015 California Healthy Kids Survey (n = 113,148) matched with principal reports of school policies from the 2014 California School Health Profiles to examine differential effects of SOGI-focused policies for LGB and transgender youth.
Elsevier, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Volume 83, July 2019
Decades of research indicate that the traits we ascribe to people often depend on their race. Yet, the bulk of this research has not considered how racial stereotypes might also depend on other aspects of targets’ identities. To address this, researchers have begun to ask intersectional questions about racial stereotypes, such as whether they are applied in similar ways to men and women, or to children and adults. In the present studies, we examine whether men who are described as gay (vs. not) become de-racialized in the minds of perceivers. That is, we test whether gay (vs.
Elsevier, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Volume 159, March 2019
A burgeoning literature has examined earnings inequalities associated with a minority sexual orientation, but far less is known about sexual orientation-based differences in access to workplace authority – in contrast to well-documented gender and race-specific differences. We provide the first large-scale evidence on this question using confidential data from the 2009–2014 UK Integrated Household Surveys (IHS) (N = 607,709).