Articles

Graphical abstract
Conversion of CO2 to valuable chemicals such as polymers via the electrochemical reduction of CO2 to formate followed by the formate to oxalate coupling reaction (FOCR) is an interesting concept to replace fossil feedstocks with renewable ones.
Elsevier, The Lancet Regional Health - Americas, Volume 6, February 2022
Background: Among patients with type 2 diabetes, minority racial/ethnic groups have a higher burden of cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, and hypoglycaemia. These groups may especially benefit from newer diabetes medication classes, but high cost may limit access. We examined the association of race/ethnicity with the initiation of newer diabetes medications (GLP-1 receptor agonists, DPP-4 inhibitors, SGLT-2 inhibitors).
Elsevier, American Journal of Kidney Diseases, Volume 79, February 2022
Background: In response to a national call for re-evaluation of the use of race in clinical algorithms, the National Kidney Foundation (NKF) and the American Society of Nephrology (ASN) established a Task Force to reassess inclusion of race in the estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in the United States and its implications for diagnosis and management of patients with, or at risk for, kidney diseases.
Elsevier, Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Volume 103, February 2022
Transportation is a basic social need, but most trips are done by private vehicles, which is not environmentally sustainable with growing urban populations. Micromobility (e.g., shared bikes) represents a significant opportunity to replace short private vehicles trips (0–3 miles) and reduce transportation sector emissions. This paper uses Seattle as a case study and estimates that up to 18% of short car trips could be replaced by micromobility.
Elsevier, The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 6, February 2022
Background: Road-traffic injuries are a key cause of death and disability in low-income and middle-income countries, but the effect of city characteristics on road-traffic mortality is unknown in these countries. The aim of this study was to determine associations between city-level built environment factors and road-traffic mortality in large Latin American cities. Methods: We selected cities from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, and Peru; cities included in the analysis had a population of at least 100 000 people.
Elsevier, The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 6, February 2022
Background: With much of the world's population residing in urban areas, an understanding of air pollution exposures at the city level can inform mitigation approaches. Previous studies of global urban air pollution have not considered trends in air pollutant concentrations nor corresponding attributable mortality burdens. We aimed to estimate trends in fine particulate matter (PM2·5) concentrations and associated mortality for cities globally.
Elsevier,

 

Journal of Responsible Technology, Volume 10, 2022, 100027

Concerns the responsibility of software engineering to become accountable for sustainability.
Elsevier, The Lancet Regional Health - Americas, Volume 6, February 2022
Background: Climate change is increasing the risks of injuries, diseases, and deaths globally. However, the association between ambient temperature and renal diseases has not been fully characterized. This study aimed to quantify the risk and attributable burden for hospitalizations of renal diseases related to ambient temperature. Methods: Daily hospital admission data from 1816 cities in Brazil were collected during 2000 and 2015. A time-stratified case-crossover design was applied to evaluate the association between temperature and renal diseases.
Elsevier,

International Dental Journal, Volume 72, February 2022

The existing FDI Policy Statements on the safety of dental amalgam (Possible Local Adverse Effects of Amalgam Restorations, 2007; Safety of Dental Amalgam, 2007) and their use in the context of phase down according to the Minamata Convention on Mercury (Dental Amalgam and the Minamata Convention on Mercury, 2014; Dental Amalgam Phase Down, 2018) are updated by and integrated into this Policy Statement.
Elsevier,

International Dental Journal, Volume 72, February 2022

Commentary on achieving environmental sustainability through good-quality oral healthcare.

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