World Environment Day 2022

World Environment Day is the most renowned day for environmental action. Since 1974, it has been celebrated every year on June 5th, engaging governments, businesses, celebrities and citizens to focus their efforts on a pressing environmental issue.

To mark World Environment Day 2022, Elsevier presents a curated list of publicly available journal articles and book chapters in support of this year's theme - Only One Earth. This year, Sweden is hosting World Environment Day and marks the 50th anniversary of the first United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, held in Stockholm in 1972. “Only One Earth” was the slogan for the original Stockholm Conference. World Environment Day 2022 is re-energizing the slogan to emphasize that planet Earth is still the only liveable planet we have and to push for transformative actions to reset the balance between people and the natural world to create a better future for all. 

Please share this impactful research because we have #OnlyOneEarth. Let's take care of it.

Table of contents

Elsevier, Food Quality and Preference, Volume 100, September 2022
Edible macroalgae (i.e., ‘seaweeds’) are a nutritious and sustainable alternative to animal-based proteins. However, consumption of seaweeds in Western countries remains low, and little is known about individual drivers of acceptance. The aim of this study was to further explore the consumer acceptability of seaweed-based food products in the UK. In an online study (N = 476), participants were presented with a general description of edible seaweeds, and descriptions of seaweed-based food products (e.g., ‘seaweed burger’).
Elsevier, The Lancet Regional Health - Western Pacific, Volume 24, July 2022
Background: Epidemiological studies have reported the associations between nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and pediatric asthma incidence, but unable to ascertain indoor NO2 sources. We estimated the pediatric asthma incidence and corresponding economic losses attributable to NO2 from indoor and outdoor sources in urban areas in China.
Health promoting properties of seaweed.

Future Foods, Volume 5, June 2022

The eminent protein sources among the vegetarian population include cereals and pulses that do not satisfy the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) level. The anti-nutrients such as protease inhibitors are responsible for the diminished bioavailability of plant protein. Consumption of a protein deficit diet severely impacts muscle health; hence, it becomes necessary to design an alternative source of complete protein. One such non-meat source with all essential amino acids in required quantity is seaweeds, an aquatic plant.

Elsevier, eBioMedicine, Volume 79, May 2022
Background: The effect of long-term exposure to air pollution on the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is still controversial, and the role of the interactions of air pollution with genetic risk and lifestyle in COPD risk is unclear. Methods: We included 452762 participants derived from the UK Biobank. Annual concentrations of air pollutions, including particle matter (PM2.5, PM10), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2), were assessed using land-use regression model.
Spatial resolution of the geographical information system-based model

The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 6, April 2022

Background: Increasing air conditioner use for cooling indoor spaces has the potential to be a primary driver of global greenhouse gas emissions. Moving indoor air with residential fans can raise the temperature threshold at which air conditioning needs to be turned on to maintain the thermal comfort of building occupants. We investigate whether fans can be used to reduce air conditioner use and associated greenhouse gas emissions.

Elsevier, The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 6, April 2022
Background: Human impacts on earth-system processes are overshooting several planetary boundaries, driving a crisis of ecological breakdown. This crisis is being caused in large part by global resource extraction, which has increased dramatically over the past half century. We propose a novel method for quantifying national responsibility for ecological breakdown by assessing nations’ cumulative material use in excess of equitable and sustainable boundaries. Methods: For this analysis, we derived national fair shares of a sustainable resource corridor.

The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 6, April 2022

In the journey towards attaining the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), large scale organic farming has emerged as a strategy of increasing significance.

The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 6, March 2022

Background: Numerous studies have quantified the associations between ambient temperature and enteric infections, particularly all-cause enteric infections. However, the temperature sensitivity of enteric infections might be pathogen dependent. Here, we sought to identify pathogen-specific associations between ambient temperature and enteric infections.

Elsevier, IFAC Journal of Systems and Control, Volume 19, March 2022
The optimal control of a water reservoir system represents a challenging problem, due to uncertain hydrologic inputs and the need to adapt to changing environment and varying control objectives. In this work, we propose a real-time learning-based control strategy based on a hierarchical predictive control architecture.
Elsevier, The Lancet Regional Health - Western Pacific, Volume 20, March 2022
Background: Air pollution is a risk factor for poor cognitive function, while a plant-based dietary pattern is associated with better cognitive function. We aimed to explore their interaction with cognitive function among older adults. Methods: We used a prospective cohort of old individuals, including 6525 participants of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS), aged 65-110 years and with normal cognition at baseline. Air pollution measurement was derived using satellite-derived annual average fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentrations based on residential locations.
Elsevier, The Lancet Regional Health - Europe, Volume 14, March 2022
Background: A few studies have reported an increased risk of birth defects (BD) with maternal exposure to nitrate in drinking water. We examined this association in a large cohort study with well-characterized exposure. Methods: Danish singletons liveborn to Danish-born parents from 1991–2013 were identified using civil and patient registries (n=1,018,914). Exposure to nitrate was estimated using a spatial model based on national data linked with individual addresses. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated using logistic regression.
Odorant profile analysis of fermented and unfermented protein blends.
Elsevier, LWT, Volume 156, 15 February 2022
Plant proteins can serve as inexpensive and environmentally friendly meat-replacements. However, poor taste characteristics and relatively low nutritional value prevent their full acceptance as meat substitutes. Fermentation of food has been historically used to improve the quality of foods. In this work we describe the improvement in digestibility, nutritional value, physical properties, and organoleptic characteristics, of a pea and rice protein concentrate blend through fermentation with shiitake mushroom mycelium.

The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 6, February 2022

An Article in support of SDGs 3, 7, and 13, showing that adopting strict climate policies (the 1·5°C and 2°C targets) and strengthening clean-air policies could achieve major improvements in air quality and substantially reduce the human health effects from air pollution in China.

The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 6, February 2022

A Review in support of SDGs 3 and 12, focusing on the decrease in traditional food availability and the increase in food import dependence in small islands, discussing the resulting reduction in diet quality and food security and the increase in type 2 diabetes risk.
Map of study areas with changes in annual mean of PM2·5 from 2014 to 2017

The Lancet Healthy Longevity, Volume 3, February 2022

Background: Air pollution might accelerate cognitive ageing; it is unclear whether large-scale interventions, such as China's Clean Air Act (CCAA), can mitigate cognitive deterioration. We aimed to evaluate the effect of CCAA on changes in cognitive function in older adults. Methods: In this population-based, quasi-experimental study, we did a difference-in-differences analysis of the data collected during the 2014 and 2018 waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS).

Efficiency, consistency and sufficiency as complementary strategies for sustainable mobility.

Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Volume 103, February 2022

Transport emissions play a large role in climate change. Unfortunately, measures to address this risk creating inequalities in access to mobility. This article proposes policy recommendations to reconcile these two problems.
Elsevier, Journal of Adolescent Health, Volume , 2022
Purpose: The contribution of air pollution to subclinical atherosclerosis in a young population remains limited. This study aimed to assess whether long-term exposure to urban air pollutants increases carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in adolescents and young adults. Methods: This study included 789 subjects between the ages of 12 and 30 years who lived in the Taipei metropolis from a cohort of young Taiwanese individuals.
Elsevier, Transportation Research Procedia, Volume 60, 2022
The COVID-19 pandemic has devastated communities throughout the world. However, the negative impacts of another pandemic, affecting cities worldwide, arguably rival those of COVID. This destructive global health problem, which we have largely ignored, has been described as the “hurry virus” – the culture of speed that dominates modern lives and cities, causing us to constantly strive to ‘go faster’. This hurry virus has comprehensively infected our city transport systems from the early 20th century.
Elsevier, The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 6, January 2022
Background: Combustion-related nitrogen dioxide (NO2) air pollution is associated with paediatric asthma incidence. We aimed to estimate global surface NO2 concentrations consistent with the Global Burden of Disease study for 1990–2019 at a 1 km resolution, and the concentrations and attributable paediatric asthma incidence trends in 13 189 cities from 2000 to 2019.
Perceived causes for chronic respiratory symptoms
Elsevier, The Lancet Global Health, Volume 10, January 2022
Background: Effectiveness of health programmes can be undermined when the implementation misaligns with local beliefs and behaviours. To design context-driven implementation strategies, we explored beliefs and behaviours regarding chronic respiratory disease (CRD) in diverse low-resource settings. Methods: This observational mixed-method study was conducted in Africa (Uganda), Asia (Kyrgyzstan and Vietnam) and Europe (rural Greece and a Roma camp). We systematically mapped beliefs and behaviours using the SETTING-tool.

The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 5, December 2021

An Article in support of SDGs 3, 12, and 15, investigating the adverse effects of deforestation on working conditions and all-cause mortality, highlighting how conservation and restoration projects could help to achieve public health benefits.

The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 5, December 2021

An Article in support of SDGs 3 and 13, highlighting widespread climate anxiety and dissatisfaction with government responses to climate change among chidren globally, with government inaction on climate change described as a human rights failure that could have considerable, long-lasting, and incremental negative implications for the mental health of children and young people.
Elsevier, Thinking Skills and Creativity, Volume 42, December 2021
Sustainability-oriented innovation (SOI) is receiving increased focus, as sustainability takes a more central role in business, development, and education arenas. SOI processes typically draw from design thinking toolkits, with a focus on the user's needs and experiences. While this is an effective way to ensure that the innovation process is grounded in real, definable needs, it's also limited in its ability to place the problem in a larger societal and systemic context. This can lead to a narrow or incomplete problem definition.
Effects of the COVID-19 public health crisis related to biodiversity loss and ecosystem health
Elsevier, The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 5, November 2021
The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, caused by zoonotic SARS-CoV-2, has important links to biodiversity loss and ecosystem health. These links range from anthropogenic activities driving zoonotic disease emergence and extend to the pandemic affecting biodiversity conservation, environmental policy, ecosystem services, and multiple conservation facets. Crucially, such effects can exacerbate the initial drivers, resulting in feedback loops that are likely to promote future zoonotic disease outbreaks.
Conceptual framework.
Elsevier, Government Information Quarterly, Volume 38, October 2021
Against a backdrop of scant scholarly evidence regarding the effectiveness of E-Participation (EP) in enabling broader macro-level outcomes, we posit that electronic participation use by governments in engaging citizens leads to a more inclusive human development and superior environmental performance, directly as well as indirectly through corruption control.
Elsevier, Poetics, Volume 88, October 2021
Scientific research is governed by strict disciplinary norms and symbolic boundaries. This highly structured context is the space of probables, which dictates what research is likely to occur. Interdisciplinarity may disrupt these disciplinary norms by bridging epistemic gaps across disciplines to foster originality. But can interdisciplinarity actually expand the space of probables over time? In this paper, we analyze the evolution of the interdisciplinary field of climate change research based on 30,228 scientific abstracts from 2000 to 2019.
Comparison of meta-RR of non-Hodgkin lymphoma when using higher exposures to benzene versus all exposures. Meta-RR=meta-analysis relative risk.
Elsevier, The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 5, September 2021
Background: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma comprises a heterogeneous group of cancers with unresolved aetiology, although risk factors include environmental exposures to toxic chemicals. Although the ubiquitous pollutant benzene is an established leukemogen, its potential to cause non-Hodgkin lymphoma has been widely debated. We aimed to examine the potential link between benzene exposure and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in humans by evaluating a wide array of cohort and case-control studies using electronic systematic review.
Elsevier, The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 5, September 2021
Background: The prevalence of landscape fires has increased, particularly in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). We aimed to assess the impact of exposure to landscape fire smoke (LFS) on the health of children. Methods: We conducted a sibling-matched case-control study and selected 552 155 children (aged

The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 5, June 2021

Temperature affects many life processes, but its effect might be expected to differ among eukaryotic organisms inhabiting similar environments. We reviewed literature on temperature thresholds of humans, livestock, poultry, agricultural crops, and sparse examples of fisheries. We found that preferable and harmful temperatures are similar for humans, cattle, pigs, poultry, fish, and agricultural crops. Preferable temperatures range from 17°C to 24°C. Stress temperature thresholds are lower when humidity is higher.


Journal of Thermal Biology, Volume 97, April 2021

Compared to other climate regions of the world, Mediterranean regions are likely to experience more severe effects of climate change as rainfall decreases and temperatures increase. Global climate change models predict a reduction in rainfall and rise in the temperature of rivers in South Africa's Cape Fold Ecoregion (CFE) – a Mediterranean region in the south-west corner of the country.


The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 5, March 2021

Climate change can have detrimental effects on child health and wellbeing. Despite the imperative for a fuller understanding of how climate change affects child health and wellbeing, a systematic approach and focus solely on children (aged <18 years) has been lacking. In this Scoping Review, we did a literature search on the impacts of climate change on child health from January, 2000, to June, 2019. The included studies explicitly linked an alteration of an exposure to a risk factor for child health to climate change or climate variability.

Elsevier, Women's Studies International Forum, Volume 84, 1 January 2021
Multinational corporations have been criticised for their rhetorical support to - as opposed to substantive engagement with - gender equality in their corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities in poor countries. Many host countries have started regularizing CSR in recent years, and there is great variation between countries and different sectors when it comes to the gendered dimensions of social investments. This article focuses on the factors that influence CSR in the petroleum sector, using Equinor in Tanzania as a case study.
Elsevier, The Lancet Global Health, Volume 8, November 2020
Background: 3 billion people worldwide rely on polluting fuels and technologies for domestic cooking and heating. We estimate the global, regional, and national health burden associated with exposure to household air pollution. Methods: For the systematic review and meta-analysis, we systematically searched four databases for studies published from database inception to April 2, 2020, that evaluated the risk of adverse cardiorespiratory, paediatric, and maternal outcomes from exposure to household air pollution, compared with no exposure.
Typical thermographic images of adult Malayan sun bears taken shortly after rest and in a postabsorptive state at (A) TA = 23 °C, (B) TA = 28 °C, and (C) TA = 29 °C.
Elsevier, Journal of Thermal Biology, Volume 91, July 2020
Thermoregulation in Malayan sun bears is not fully understood. Therefore, in this study the effect of meteorological variables on both behavioural and autonomic thermoregulatory mechanisms in sun bears was examined in order to identify temperature thresholds for the activation of various thermoregulatory mechanisms. Infrared thermography was used to non‒invasively determine body surface temperature (TS) distribution in relation to ambient temperature (TA) and to determine the thermoneutral zone (TNZ) of sun bears.
Elsevier, International Dental Journal, Volume 70, 1 June 2020
Objective: The Minimata Convention on mercury includes amalgam phase-down and eventual phase-out from dentistry. To aid its subsequent evaluation it is important to have baseline data of amalgam use in a locality prior to implementing a phase-down. Methodology: Records of patients spanning 5 years from January 2011 to January 2016 were analysed to determine and the compare frequency of amalgam usage with other dental materials for carious teeth restorations in a Nigerian university teaching hospital.
Elsevier, LWT, Volume 120, February 2020
Infant formulas (IFs) can be defined as substitutes for human milk, which are mostly based on cow milk proteins. For sustainability reasons, alternative to animal proteins in food have to be considered. Plant proteins offer interesting nutritional and functional benefits for the development of innovative IFs. However, the behaviour of these proteins during processing and storage must ensure the physical stability and ability to reconstitution of IF powders, and that needs to be tested.
Elsevier, World Development Perspectives, Volume 26, June 2022
This paper uses a novel approach to re-examine the relationship between income inequality and pollution and shows that protecting the environment can have an added advantage of creating a just and inclusive society. Pollution threatens health and livelihoods of vulnerable groups, in turn making them even more vulnerable, creating a vicious cycle. We investigate if sustainable environmental policies can mitigate the impact of pollution on these vulnerable groups, while addressing inclusion.
Elsevier, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Volume 126, June 2022
The Zambezi Riparian Region (ZRR) is a lifeline and home to ∼40 million people who depend heavily on the river basin for their livelihood. It also furnishes 8 of its riparian countries with goods and services on which hydropower production and food security anchor. The sustainability of the ZRR is threatened by extreme climate events. Here, we interrogate consecutive dry days (CDDs), an effective metric of extreme climatic events with implications on drought-driven water availability. We use ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) to understand CDDs.
Various microorganisms as a source of green technology used for bio-inspired wastewater treatment (WWT).
Elsevier, Current Research in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, Volume 5, January 2022
Overuse of water has led to the degradation and scarcity of limited water resources, which prompted the modern world to adopt sustainable measures to save water by increasing its reuse and recycling. The use of microbial-based green technology to treat wastewater has appeared to outweigh conventional wastewater treatment (WWT) technologies because this emerging technology overcomes many of the shortcomings of conventional treatment systems.
Graphical abstract

Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, Volume 32, December 2021

Microplastics (MPs) are found in all conceivable media from air, sediments, soils, freshwater, seawater, and organisms, including humans. This paper emphasizes current advances in the study of MPs and presents a review of recent two years of literature on the occurrence and fate of these particles in the environment. The occurrence and fate of MPs are affected by their characteristics and interaction with the media in the environment, including particle mobility and transport processes.

Elsevier, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Volume 122, June 2021
Since the 1980s, the industrialization and urbanization of the Beijing area has entered a period of high-speed growth. This paper asks the question: How have such great changes in urban land-use over the past decades impacted urban precipitation? In this study, we investigate and analyze the effects of urbanization on the summer precipitation in Beijing using numerical modeling approaches. Applying the numerical mesoscale atmospheric model METRAS, we determine the impact of surface cover on 13 heavy precipitation events.
Elsevier, Journal of Asian Earth Sciences: X, Volume 5, 1 June 2021
Along with the impact of energy structure adjustment as well as the coal resource exhaustion in the old mining region, the deformation over the abandoned mine region has severely restricted both the reuse of abandoned lands and the sustainable urban development. Therefore, it is essential to conduct the long-term surface deformation observation in the abandoned coal region.
Four types of particulates filtration mechanisms. The representative PM filtration mechanisms: impaction, interception, diffusion, electrostatic attraction.
Elsevier, Materials Today Advances, Volume 9, March 2021
Intensifying air pollution has engendered growing public health concerns due to its broad and adverse effects on humanity. As a result, the development of air filtration technologies has received increased attention as a practical and promising solution. Till now, many efforts have sought to advance air filtration technologies to overcome the trade-off relationship between filtration efficiency and pressure drop.
Schematic diagram showing Greenland's coastal environments.
Elsevier, Polar Science, Volume 27, March 2021
Environments along the coast of Greenland are rapidly changing under the influence of a warming climate in the Arctic. To better understand the changes in the coastal environments, we performed researches in the Qaanaaq region in northwestern Greenland as a part of the ArCS (Arctic Challenge for Sustainability) Project. Mass loss of ice caps and marine-terminating outlet glaciers were quantified by field and satellite observations. Measurements and sampling in fjords revealed the important role of glacial meltwater discharge in marine ecosystems.

Digital Geography and Society, Volume 2, January 2021

These are uncertain times in the Anthropocene, where the health and resilience of all urban inhabitants should be key themes for cities striving for sustainability. To this end, local councils in Australia are applying digital technologies with increasing complexity as components of their urban forest management. This paper applies a more-than-human lens to analyse Australian local council urban forest policies, documents and project information for their inclusion and application of digital technologies.


Indigenous People and Nature, Insights for Social, Ecological, and Technological Sustainability, 2022, Pages 3-27

This chapter provides a comprehensive strategy to assess ecological systems’ involvement in indigenous wellbeing, signifying how natural systems are intertwined with people’s communal, economic, and cultural environments, along with their skills.

Modern Cartography Series, Volume 10, 2021, Pages 313-335

This book chapter advances SDGs 9, 13, and 15 by highlighting coastal management problems related to the reclamation process that have been addressed through geoinformatics. The findings of the study carried out offer a detailed overview of the quantity and quality of research materials reported thus far on the subject of the recycling process, remote sensing, and Geographical Information System innovations.

Modern Cartography Series, Volume 10, 2021, Pages 1-15

As the rapid development of population leads to increasing demand for food and land resources, issues such as deforestation, land restoration from lakes, and the recuperation of grassland can lead to a ferocious cycle. This chapter reviews issues and challenges of the land reclamation process and strategic solutions proposed for its sustainable development.

International Environmental Cooperation and The Global Sustainability Capital Framework, 2021, Pages 1-15

This chapter discusses the need for international environmental cooperation (IEC) in a context of our common vulnerabilities and contingent survivability. It also introduces the Sustainability Capital Framework (SCF) as a core framework for guiding sustainable development, and for delimiting the boundaries of global sustainability.

The Impacts of Climate Change, A Comprehensive Study of Physical, Biophysical, Social, and Political Issues, 2021, Pages 3-17

In this book, a few topics have been chosen to highlight the impacts of climate change on the physical and biophysical aspects of the planet. This introduction looks at the origins and the physics and chemistry of global warming and lets the science tell us just how serious a position our ecosystem and our society is in.

Contamination of Water, Health Risk Assessment and Treatment Strategies, 2021, Pages 99-107

Pesticides have the potential to contaminate groundwater resources and have become a serious concern worldwide. In this chapter, we have discussed the mechanism of pesticide pollution along with its trajectory from the land surface into aquifers. Additionally, the harmful effects of pesticides on human health and promising remedies for reducing pesticide pollution have also been discussed.

Contamination of Water, Health Risk Assessment and Treatment Strategies, 2021, Pages 49-64

This chapter highlights important implications of the field such as permissible limits of heavy metals in water systems, major sources of aquatic heavy metal pollution, impact of heavy metal contamination on aquatic life, human health and environment, loss of resources in form of heavy metals, prominent strategies adopted to tackle the problem, recent advancement in treatment technologies for heavy metal contaminated wastewater, and future aspects.

Contamination of Water, Health Risk Assessment and Treatment Strategies, 2021, Pages 265-284

This chapter examines how PPCPs are often termed as micropollutants or trace organics, as these compounds are present in the µg/L range in the environment. PPCPs may pose a serious threat to aquatic life, having acute and chronic toxicity responses. As a result, there is a need for evolving technologies to detect, identify, and remediate compounds from these micropollutants.

Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology (Third Edition), 2022, Pages 833-843

This chapter focuses on the adverse effects of air pollution on the developing brain and discusses the evidence from human and animal studies suggesting that exposure to elevated air pollution during pre- and early postnatal development is associated with a number of behavioral and biochemical adverse effects.

Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals (Fifth Edition), Volume I: General Considerations, 2022, Pages 137-182

In this chapter, we review the relevant scientific literature providing insights on health-related effects caused by inhalation of particulate metals, and their potential causal pathways.

Endocrine Disruption and Human Health (Second Edition), 2022, Pages 485-498

This chapter introduces the fields of green and sustainable chemistry and outlines how they can be applied to the stewardship of endocrine-disrupting chemicals. The goal of green and sustainable chemistry is to create chemical technologies with strong technical performance that are also safe for human health and the environment.

Encyclopedia of Environmental Health (Second Edition), 2019, Pages 315-323

This chapter focusses on e-waste, encompassing various forms of electrical and electronic equipment that are old, end-of-life electronic appliances. E-waste poses severe health risks to the populations, especially fetuses and children; toxic exposure is involved in the etiology of both chronic/noncommunicable diseases and infectious diseases. The e-waste widespread and chronic exposure in receiver countries poses an actual public health emergency.

Encyclopedia of Environmental Health (Second Edition), 2019, Pages 436-455

This chapters focuses on the consequences mining on river contamination in Bolivia. An unintended consequence of mining has been widespread contamination of riverine environments by toxic trace metals and metalloids. (e.g., arsenic, antimony, cadmium, mercury, lead, and zinc). The type, magnitude, and extent of contamination differ significantly between the humid to hyperhumid tropical rainforests in the north and the semiarid, heavily impacted, rivers in the south.

Encyclopedia of Environmental Health (Second Edition), 2011, Pages 327-334

This chapter analyses the complex influence of climate change on vector borne diseases. It is perhaps expected that climate change will be invoked as a major driving force. The actual effect, however, is highly site specific suggesting that other factors play an equally important role.

Encyclopedia of the World's Biomes, 2020, Pages 12-21

This chapter focuses in the importance of freshwater for domestic use, which is critical for maintaining human health and well-being. As the human population has grown, the pressure of domestic use on freshwater systems has increased. Despite mounting concerns over diminishing water quantity and quality, new opportunities for safe and accessible domestic water use are being implemented.

Encyclopedia of the World's Biomes, 2020, Pages 193-200

This chapters describes the hugely diverse but threatened desert environments, from their broad ecosystem structure through to the unique adaptations found among the species inhabiting these challenging habitats. Current changes and threats desert ecosystems face due to anthropogenic activities, including climate change, are discussed, together with potential solutions and conservation approaches.