, Social Networks, Volume 70, July 2022
Different lines of research have argued that specific groups, such as boys or ethnic minorities, are more prone to develop an anti-school culture than others, leading to group differences in the social acceptance of high performers. Taking an ecological view, we ask to what extent the school context promotes or prevents the emergence of group-specific oppositional cultures. Theoretically, we argue that group-based oppositional cultures become more likely in schools with low socio-economic resources and in schools where socio-economic differences align with demographic attributes.
, Food Quality and Preference, Volume 99, July 2022
Concerns over the impact of global meat production and consumption patterns are leading to increasing interest in alternative sources of protein. This study provides new insight into consumers’ attitudes towards different protein products and factors associated with the acceptance of lab-grown chicken and lab-grown beef.
A Comment on dementia and Alzheimer's disease costs, in the context of SDG 3, focusing specifically on the costs of care in Europe. Dementia is a syndrome characterized by progressive cognitive and functional impairment, most commonly caused by Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative and cerebrovascular disorders. Costs of care increase dramatically with progressing disease severity, and increasing dementia prevalence due to ageing populations is raising concerns about the sustainability of future costs of dementia care. A new study shows that social welfare systems in Europe cover most of the direct costs of dementia, however they do not protect families and households against the burden of informal care. Meier and colleagues1 set out to calculate the economic costs of dementia in 11 European countries, by combining microdata from a population-based survey with estimates of dementia prevalence. Data for Austria, Belgium, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Italy, Slovenia, Spain, and Sweden was obtained from six waves of the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). The survey captured out-of-pocket expenditures for health and social care as well as unpaid informal care. Costs attributable to dementia were estimated using linear regression, controlling for comorbidities and demographic factors. Finally, costs were combined with prevalence estimates to calculate the annual cost of dementia by country.
Discussion of the addition of glycemic index values to a Venezuelan food composition database with the aim of providing a useful resource for research and clinical settings in the region.
Urban agriculture is booming. During case study Water-Energy-Food nexus research at urban farms, investigation indicated two types of ‘food’ to be relevant for urban agriculture.
Volume 5, Issue 7,
Experts from a range of fields and geographies describe key threats to global food security over the next two decades and suggest key research questions and gaps on this topic.
, The Lancet Regional Health - Western Pacific, Volume 24, July 2022
Background: Epidemiological studies have reported the associations between nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and pediatric asthma incidence, but unable to ascertain indoor NO2 sources. We estimated the pediatric asthma incidence and corresponding economic losses attributable to NO2 from indoor and outdoor sources in urban areas in China.
, eClinicalMedicine, Volume 49, July 2022
Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a serious global health problem and China has the largest disease burden. Literatures focusing on economic-related inequalities in HBV infection among pregnant women are scarce. We aimed to quantify the economic-related inequalities and the change over time in HBV infection among pregnant women in mainland China from 2013 to 2020 to inform strategies considering economic-related inequalities.