North America

Recent pay and hiring discrimination allegations have resulted in high-dollar settlements for Google and a hospitality management company. Developments discussed in this news article cover topics related to SDG 5 (gender equality) and SDG 10 (reduced inequalities).

Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, Volume 22, Issue 2, 2021, Pages 279-290.e1, ISSN 1525-8610

This journal article addresses SDG 3 and 10 by discussing that nursing homes (NHs) end-of-life (EOL) care is suboptimal and NH health disparities are pervasive. This study found that racial/ethnic minority NH residents experience poorer EOL care compared with White NH residents, and particularly in NHs with larger proportions of Black residents.This systematic review has several implications for care provision and future research regarding NH EOL care for racial/ethnic minority residents.
Restoring forest cover is a prominent option for climate mitigation. Effective deployment requires knowing where opportunities are and how they vary in carbon capture, costs, co-benefits, and feasibility. Here, we combined spatial, economic, and feasibility analyses to examine 10 different opportunity classes for restoration of forest cover across the contiguous United States. These include non-stocked forests, shrublands, protected areas, post-burn landscapes, pasture lands, croplands with challenging soils, urban areas, floodplains, streamsides, and biodiversity corridors.
This journal article advances SDG 3 and 10 by explaining analysis of paediatric severe sepsis in the USA which has found evidence of outcome disparities by race or ethnicity and insurance status. The findings suggest that there might be differential sepsis recognition, approaches to treatment, access to health-care services, and provider bias that contribute to poorer sepsis outcomes for racial and ethnic minority patients and those of lower socioeconomic position.
In this brief perspective piece, a rural sexual assault nurse examiner (SANE) program is described in the hopes that dissemination will lead to increased numbers of rural SANEs, increased reporting of sexual assaults in rural and underserved communities, increased prosecution rates of sexual assault perpetrators, and program sustainability through the provision of a nurse-centered approach to training and support. This article contributes SDGs 3, 5, 9, and 16.
This journal article addresses SDG 3 and 5 by assessing the current status of gender disparities in academic radiation oncology departments in the United States and its associated factors.
Advancing SDG 15, this article examines high-elevation biocrusts on volcanic tephra in Haleakalā Crater, Maui, Hawaii.
Advancing SDG 15, this article explores how interactions between microbial carbon and nitrogen cycling influence the accumulation of mineral nitrogen that is vulnerable to leaching in agroecosystems.
Research on how oral health conditions can be associated with food avoidance and how oral health programs should consider nutritional support for adults avoiding food


Volumes 29–30,
ISSN 2589-5370

This journal article advances SDG 3 and 10 by explaining a systematic review and meta-analysis exploring the relationship between ethnicity and clinical outcomes in COVID-19 and finds Individuals of Black and Asian ethnicity are at increased risk of COVID-19 infection compared to White individuals. Asians may be at a higher risk of ITU admission and death.