Articles

Elsevier,

The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, October 2017

Reducing premature mortality from non-communicable diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, is a target under goal 3 (good health and wellbeing). This article investigates the relationship between diet and the common risk factors for heart disease.
Elsevier,

The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Volume 2, No. 10, p707–715, October 2017

Infection with H pylori significantly increases an individual's chances of developing gastric cancer. SDG 3.4 aims to prevent non-communicable diseases such as cancer; this study provides policymakers with the evidence to decide optimal first-line H pylori eradication regimens according to local prevalence of primary antibiotic resistance and develop effective strategies to control the rising antibiotic resistance in their countries.
Elsevier,

The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology (October 2017)

Addressing hunger and malnutrition (goal 2) is key to advancing goal 3. This review and meta-analysis provides national, regional, and global estimates of lactose malabsorption, which can guide identification of likely causes of gastrointestinal symptoms and their optimal management, and also guide policy—eg, when choosing food for provision during famine outbreaks.
Elsevier,

Marine Pollution Bulletin, Volume 123, Issues 1–2, 15 October 2017, Pages 28-33

SDG14 Life Below Water aims to lay the foundation for the integrated and sustainable management of the oceans. However, any environmental management has to be based around targets which are SMART – specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time bounded. The discussion here shows that many of the targets adopted for SDG14, and especially a detailed analysis of Target 1, are aspirational rather than fully quantified.
Elsevier,

Ecosystem Services, Volume 27, Part B, October 2017, Pages 253-260

Ecological infrastructure (EI) refers to ecosystems that deliver services to society, functioning as a nature-based equivalent of, or complement to, built infrastructure. EI is critical for socio-economic development, supporting a suite of development imperatives at local, national and international scales. This paper presents the myriad of ways that EI supports sustainable development, using South Africa and the South African National Development Plan as a case study, linking to the Sustainable Development Goals on a global level. We show the need for EI across numerous development and sustainability issues, including food security, water provision, and poverty alleviation contributing to several SDGs not least, goals 1, 11 and 17.
Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, Volume 7, October 2017, Pages 23-30

Enzymes are used in biocatalytic processes for the efficient and sustainable production of pharmaceuticals, fragrances, fine chemicals, and other products. Most bioprocesses exploit chemistry found in nature, but we are now entering a realm of biocatalysis that goes well beyond. Enzymes have been engineered to catalyze reactions previously only accessible with synthetic catalysts. Because they can be tuned by directed evolution, many of these new biocatalysts have been shown to perform abiological reactions with high activity and selectivity. We discuss recent examples, showcase catalyst improvements achieved using directed evolution, and comment on some current and future implications of non-natural enzyme evolution for sustainable chemical synthesis.
Elsevier,

Applied Soil Ecology, Volume 119, October 2017, Pages 156-170

Advancing SDGs 2 and 15, this article examined biochar and biochar-compost in improving soil quality and crop types.
Elsevier,

Political Geography, 2017, ISSN 0962-6298

This paper examines the trends in famine over the last 150 years, with particular attention to the fusion of famine with forcible mass starvation. It identifies four main historic periods of famines, namely: the zenith of European colonialism; the extended World War; post-colonial totalitarianism; and post-Cold War humanitarian emergencies; and asks whether we may be entering a fifth period in which famines return in new guises. The paper explores structural causes of famine vulnerability, the overlapping but distinct causes of food crises and excess mortality in those crises, and the proximate triggers of famine. While noting that almost all famines have multiple causes, with no individual factor either necessary or sufficient, the paper focuses on the growing significance of political decision and military tactics in creating famine. It is an important review of the causes related to hunger and therefore to help advance SDG 2.
Elsevier,

The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, Volume 26, Issue 3, March 2018, Pages 316-331

This article addresses goal 3 by discussing the stigma of Dementia and bringing light to this important issue.
Elsevier,

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 76, September 2017, Pages 292-308

Despite its potential advantages, a bioenergy system poses several conceptual and operational challenges for academic as well as practical scrutiny because the inherent relationship and the intersection of areas related to energy production and agricultural activity requires a deeply integrated assessment. The aim of this paper is to review the available works in this field and propose an approach for supporting policymakers in the decision taking process of deploying sustainable bioenergy systems and in doing so, help to inform SDG 7.

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