Diversity and inclusion

Diversity and inclusion are essential tenets of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a set of global objectives designed to address various social, economic, and environmental challenges. These concepts are not only integral to specific SDGs but also permeate the entire framework, emphasizing the need for equitable and inclusive approaches in all aspects of development.

SDG 10 (Reduced Inequalities) and SDG 5 (Gender Equality) are directly connected to the principles of diversity and inclusion. SDG 10 aims to reduce inequality within and among countries. This involves taking measures to ensure the social, economic, and political inclusion of all, regardless of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion, or economic or other status. It calls for the elimination of discriminatory laws, policies, and practices, providing equal opportunities and reducing disparities, particularly for the most vulnerable and marginalized groups.

SDG 5 focuses on achieving gender equality and empowering all women and girls. This goal underscores the need for ending all forms of discrimination against women and girls everywhere, and it involves various targets including the elimination of violence, ensuring women's full participation in leadership and decision-making, and guaranteeing equal rights to economic resources. By promoting gender equality, SDG 5 directly contributes to the broader objective of creating inclusive societies.

Furthermore, diversity and inclusion are crucial in achieving SDG 4 (Quality Education), which aims to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all. This involves addressing disparities in access to education and ensuring that vulnerable populations, including persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples, and children in vulnerable situations, receive equal opportunities for education. Inclusive education is a foundation for building more inclusive societies, as it prepares all individuals to participate fully in their communities and economies.

SDG 8 (Decent Work and Economic Growth) also embodies the values of diversity and inclusion. It promotes sustained, inclusive, and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment, and decent work for all. This includes advocating for equal pay for work of equal value, promoting safe and inclusive working environments, and reducing the gender pay gap. By ensuring that all individuals have access to decent work opportunities and are treated fairly in the workplace, SDG 8 plays a pivotal role in advancing inclusive economic growth.

The pursuit of diversity and inclusion is indispensable for realizing the vision of the SDGs. These principles are not confined to specific goals but are woven throughout the entire framework, reflecting the understanding that a fair, sustainable, and prosperous world can only be achieved when all individuals, regardless of their background or circumstances, have the opportunity to contribute to and benefit from development. The SDGs recognize that addressing inequalities, empowering marginalized groups, and ensuring inclusive participation are essential for sustainable development, and they call on all stakeholders, including governments, businesses, civil society, and individuals, to work towards these objectives.

This Article supports SDGs 3, 5, and 10 focusing on the religious and cultural aspects that influence Arab American women's perspectives on health-care in the USA.
Figure 1. Time-series, cross-sectional, and multivariate logistic regression analyses for vaccination hesitancy and uptake indicators
This Article supports SDG 3 and 5 by exploring the indirect effects of COVID-19 on gender disparities globally, showing intensified levels of pre-existing widespread inequalities for a range of health, social, and economic indicators during the COVID-19 pandemic.
The authors of this paper found limited impacts of a 3 year nutrition BCC (Behavior Change Communication) intervention through agriculture-focused SHGs (Self-Help Groups) on nutrition outcomes and on intermediate pathway indicators expected to lead to those outcomes. Despite these limited impacts, much can be learned from the studied effort to improve women’s nutrition through SHGs.
An Article on suicide risk among individuals from minority ethnic backgrounds, in the context of SDG 3, highlighting the heterogeneity in risk among minority ethnic groups and the need to change the practice of homogenously grouping individuals together in research and the public discourse.
Meaningful engagement and tailored information can support effective vaccine promotion. Organisational level change is needed to address structural barriers, inequities, and discrimination.
Elsevier,

Neurobiology of Brain Disorders (Second Edition)
Biological Basis of Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders
2023, Pages 481-500

This content aligns with Goal 3: Good Health as well as Goal 10: Reduced Inequalities by examining how various pathogens cause a variety of central nervous system (CNS) dysfunctions and the mechanisms of these changes.
Elsevier,

Neurobiology of Brain Disorders (Second Edition): Biological Basis of Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders, 2022, Pages 1009-1023

This chapter advances the UN SDG Goal 3: Good Health and Goal 10: Reduced Inequalities by providing an overview of current knowledge of racial/ethnic inequities in health with a focus on the United States and the potential contribution of psychosocial stressors to account for them.
The objective of the study is to make visible the exposure to environmental contaminants and the health of workers in mercury mines in Mexico.
An Article on the implementation of a culturally responsive midwifery care model for First Nations women at three major metropolitan health services in Australia, in support of SDG 3 and 10.
A Comment on planetary health and Indigenous land rights, in the context of SDGs 3, 15, and 17, focusing specifically on safeguarding biological and cultural diversity to halt ecosystem destruction, disease emergence, and climate change.

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