North America

Background: Sexual harassment of women in academic medicine may impede advancement and productivity. This study analyzes the longitudinal effects of sexual harassment on academic advancement and productivity among women. Methods: We undertook a longitudinal analysis to predict effects of sexual harassment reported in 1995 on career outcomes measured in 2012–13, among a sample of women in academic medicine (N = 1273) recruited from 24 U.S. medical schools.
Introduction: People with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) including Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) often face serious transportation challenges that impede healthcare access, community participation, and employment opportunities. Travel training, which makes use of one-on-one instruction, may help people with IDD overcome transportation barriers. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a comprehensive travel training program on the travel skills of individuals with IDD.
Soil organic carbon (SOC) in croplands is a key property of soil quality for ensuring food security and agricultural sustainability, and also plays a central role in the global carbon (C) budget. When managed sustainably, soils may play a critical role in mitigating climate change by sequestering C and decreasing greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere. However, the magnitude and spatio-temporal patterns of global cropland SOC are far from well constrained due to high land surface heterogeneity, complicated mechanisms, and multiple influencing factors.
The water crisis in Flint, Michigan, a human made disaster of dire proportions, resulted in bacterial and lead contamination of predominantly African American and low-income residents. SDG 6 promotes to ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.
2020 loading with hand holding blank game board tiles
Now that the New Year’s confetti has been cleared away, it’s time for employers to consider making resolutions to improve their workplaces. Here are 10 resolutions employers should consider making for 2020, which in turn will help advance SDG 3 (good health and well being), SDG 8 (decent work and economic growth) and SDG 10 (reduced inequalities).
This book chapter advances SDG #3 and #10 by outlining how both the asymptomatic and symptomatic predementia phases of AD, amyloid positivity using amyloid PET imaging could predict progression to AD dementia. Amyloid PET imaging can identify the status of Aβ deposition in the underlying AD pathophysiology, increase diagnostic certainty, and alter management. This approach could improve the diagnose and management for patients with memory loss or cognitive dysfunction.
Elsevier,

Diagnosis and Management in Dementia: The Neuroscience of Dementia, Volume 1, Volume , 1 January 2020

This book chapter advances SDG #3 and #10 by focusing on providing a brief overview of genes associated with sporadic (late-onset) Alzheimer's disease (AD).
This book chapter advances SDG #3 and #10 by reviewing background on neurocognitive disorders, approaches to diagnosis, and management of several of the more problematic psychiatric complications of dementia. Disorders reviewed include AD, vascular dementia, Lewy body disease, and frontotemporal dementia. Psychiatric symptoms reviewed include apathy, agitation, psychosis, depression, and anxiety.
This book chapter advances SDG #3 and #10 by providing an overview of natural AChE inhibitors extracted from plants and their therapeutic potential to treat AD.
Elsevier,

 

Design for Health, January 2020, Pages 305-322

This book chapter advances SDG 3 and 10 by providing best practices and applied examples to instruct human factors practitioners (researchers and designers) in creating health-care designs that are inclusive of various populations.

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