Articles

Elsevier,

Food Policy: Volume 73, December 2017, Pages 95-103

This paper explores the impact of mobile phones on gender equality and nutrition in Uganda. Using panel data from rural Ugandan smallholder farmers, the researchers analysed the social welfare effects of mobile phones. A positive connection is found between increasing female mobile phone use and improvement in nutrition, relating to SDG 2 and SDG 5 and where women have access to and use a mobile phone the impact was greater.
Elsevier,

Sustainable Materials and Technologies, Volume 14, December 2017, Pages 11-18

This article describes that by removing the organic solvents from the synthesis it is possible to reduce in about two orders of magnitude the emissions of CO2 in the production of the MOF material and also a reduction of one order of magnitude in the freshwater toxicity and resource depletion. The authors believe that this type of study can serve as an initial screen tool to assess the environmental performance of novel materials. Moreover, it can be used for establishing the necessity of recycling a given solvent or to find an alternative solvent that significantly reduces the environmental impact of novel materials.
Elsevier,

Sustainable Materials and Technologies, Volume 14, December 2017, Pages 19-28

The authors investigated the versatile use of droplet coagulation to recycle complex waste resources (fly ash FA, rice husk ash RHA and alum sludge AS). Monodisperse microspheres were shaped, creating higher impact on the applicability of the waste resources. Once a fluid suspension was obtained of the different powders, shaping could be performed without any impact of the powder characteristics. The aim of this research is to study the generic use of droplet coagulation on waste resources with variety in origin, composition and morphology and contribute to knowledge on sustainable materials, advancing SDG 11.
Elsevier,

Sustainable Materials and Technologies, Volume 14, December 2017, Pages 1-10

Production wells in oil and gas industries are continually exposed to highly corrosive environments during stimulation treatments such as acidization. Acid treatment is used to increase rock permeability. However, these acids can be corrosive and the corrosive inhibitors that are added are environmentally damaging. This paper explores the research into corrosion inhibitors that are environmentally friendly, contributing to SDG 13.
The main street in 1950s (left) and now (right).
Elsevier,

Tourism Management ,Volume 63, December 2017, Pages 223-233

Increasing attention has been given to historically and culturally significant traditional villages in China in the past five years. Rural tourism has been recognized as a key approach to rural development and poverty alleviation. This paper proposes an integrative and sustainable Rural Tourism-based Traditional Village Revitalization model to better understand the relationship between rural tourism and village revitalization, working towards SDG1 (no poverty).
Elsevier,

Global Food Security, Volume 15, December 2017, Pages 94-107

Contributing to SDG 1 and SDG 2, this paper shows that despite progress in reducing extreme poverty, little progress has been made in reducing the number of people living on between $1.25 and $2 a day and it provides updated estimates of rural and urban poverty for regions throughout the developing world. Social protection programmes are a key way for governments to support the poor. Secondly, agricultural input subsidies are a key government tool for boosting agricultural production, especially that of smallholder farmers. This paper is one of the first to examine both social protection and agricultural input subsidies in alleviating poverty.
Elsevier,

The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology (December 2017)

SDG 3.3 sets a target of combating viral hepatitis. Sub-Saharan Africa carries a substantial portion of the global burden of viral hepatitis. Countries in the region face unique challenges, with the development of elimination strategies often hindered by a lack of good quality data. This paper outlines the current status of hepatitis B in sub-Saharan Africa and provides expert recommendations from across the region, including simplified diagnostic and treatment algorithms for use in low-resource settings.
XpertHR,

17 November 2017

The Government's scheme for individuals to apply for tribunal fees refunds has been rolled out to all applicants, after a "successful opening phase of the scheme". This reduces inequalities between richer and poorer employees and between richer companies and poorer employees contributing to SDG 10.
Elsevier,

Neuron, Volume 96, Issue 4, 15 November 2017, Pages 721-729

In the past 50 years, significant progress in women’s equality has been made worldwide. Western countries, particularly European countries, have implemented initiatives to attain a more gender-balanced workforce with the introduction of family friendly policies, by trying to narrow the gender pay gap and by promoting women’s career progression. This paper reports on the progress made in higher education, the shortcomings, and how new initiatives hold great promise for improving gender equality (SDG 5) in academia around the globe.
Elsevier,

Harmful Algae, Volume 69, 2017, Pages 18-27, ISSN 1568-9883

An early warning scheme is proposed that runs ensembles of inferential models for predicting the cyanobacterial population dynamics and cyanotoxin concentrations in drinking water reservoirs. When the 10- to 30-day-ahead predicted concentrations of cyanobacteria cells or cyanotoxins exceed pre-defined limit values, an early warning automatically activates an action plan considering in-lake control. Implementing the proposed scheme for drinking water reservoirs enhances current water quality monitoring practices by solely utilising in situ monitoring data, in addition to cyanobacteria and cyanotoxin measurements. Access to routinely measured cyanotoxin data allows for development of models that predict explicitly cyanotoxin concentrations that avoid to inadvertently model and predict non-toxic cyanobacterial strains.

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