Research

Elsevier,

Materials Today, Volume 20, Issue 2, 2017, Pages 67-73

In 2013 alone nearly 50 million tons of e-waste was generated worldwide. The United Nations’ STEP initiative has reported that e-waste is expected to grow by 33% over the next 4 years and by 2030 obsolete computer waste will reach 1,000 million tons. This electronic waste often contain toxic substances and nearly 80–85% of electronic products are directly disposed of in landfills or incinerators. The researchers suggest a new technique where circuit boards from electronics can be crushed into nanodust by a cryo-mill. The dust can then be easily separated into its component elements for recycling. The researchers intend it to replace the current process of e-waste into landfills and advances SDG 12.
Elsevier,

The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology (March 2017)

This article provides an up-to-date estimate of the prevalence and genotype distribution of hepatitis C virus infection globally. Elimination of hepatitis C virus by 2030 is a key component of the WHO global health sector strategy, which aims to achieve the pledge to combat viral hepatitis set out in SDG 3.3. These reliable estimates of disease burden are essential for planning national strategies to achieve this goal.
Elsevier,

March 2017

Elsevier's Gender Report importantly supports SDG 5 - gender equality - by applying a gender lens to the field of science and research. It examines the proportion of female researchers and inventors in twelve countries, the fields women tend to specialise in and whether women or men publish more articles. This report provides sound data for understanding the role of gender within the structure of the global research landscape.
Elsevier,

Applied Surface Science, Volume 396, 2017, Pages 8-18

Nanotechnology provides an emerging potent alternate mode of cancer therapy. The study emphasizes the synthesis of defect-rich hierarchical microspheres of PEGylated MoS2 nanosheets and h-MoO3 nanorods using a sustainable chemical route. This study also investigates their cytotoxicity towards lung and breast cancer cell lines. The authors noticed that defect-rich hierarchical microspheres of PEGylated MoS2 nanosheets and h-MoO3have better cytotoxicity toward breast (MCF-7) and lung (A549) cancer cells, respectively. These findings will further strengthen nanomaterials role for advancement in cancer therapy and contribute to SDG 3.
Elsevier,

Methods in Stream Ecology: Third Edition, Volume 1, 20 February 2017

This book chapter advances SDG 14 by outlining the use of behavioral observations, gut content and fecal analyses, morphological measurements, and stable isotopes for drawing inferences about the trophic ecology of stream fishes. These methods allow insights at the level of individuals, populations, communities, and entire food webs. Using multiple methods in concert provides a rich perspective on how dietary differences among fish species affect stream ecology.
Elsevier,

Methods in Stream Ecology: Third Edition, Volume 1, 20 February 2017

This book chapter advances SDG 14 by providing an overview of the methods for monitoring stream temperature, characterization of thermal profiles, and modeling approaches to stream temperature prediction. The development of spatially explicit predictive models provides a framework for simulating natural and anthropogenic effects on thermal regimes, which is integral for the sustainable management of freshwater systems.
Elsevier,

The Lancet, Volume 389, Issue 10070, 675–677

A study by Hong Chen and colleagues concludes that living close to heavy traffic is associated with a higher incidence of dementia. The research covered almost the entire adult population in Ontario, Canada with a lagged exposure of 10 years, statistically assessing the associations between traffic road proximity and incident dementia, Parkinson's disease, and multiple sclerosis. This study helps to advance SDG 3 and in particular advancing knowledge for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks, target 3.D.
Elsevier,

Journal of Comparative Economics, Volume 45, 1 February 2017

Research studied the efficacy of the environmental policy by investigating the location choice of new polluting firms in response to the uneven provincial chemical oxygen demand (COD) reduction mandates predetermined by the policy.We find strong evidence suggesting the trend of water pollution transfer from the coastal provinces to the western provinces of China. The Pollution Reduction Performance Assessment enhanced the effect of the pollution reduction mandates. Foreign polluting firms were consistently driven by the mandates, whilst the location pattern of Chinese domestic polluting firms was shifted by the enhanced mandates.
Elsevier,

The Lancet, January 2017

The inaccessibility of essential medicines is a barrier to the achievement of goal 3 (good health and wellbeing) and its targets. This Lancet Commission investigates the multiple dimensions at the heart of the universal campaign for access for all ultimately making recommendations to ensure that essential medicines policies support universal health coverage and sustainable development in the 21st century.

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